Chapter 20- Reaching and Moving

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What is the best way to use a shepherd's crook to aid a victim who cannot grasp it?
a. Use the hook to encircle the victim's neck.
b. Use the hook to encircle the victim's body.
c. Use the hook to encircle the victim under the arm or leg.
d. Use the hook to hook the victim's clothing.
b. Use the hook to encircle the victim's body.
Which action is not recommended when performing a reaching assist from a pool deck?
a. Holding onto the pool deck
b. Swimming out into the water
c. Lying on the deck
d. Extending a free leg to the victim
b. Swimming out into the water
To perform a throwing assist you get in a stride position, step on the line with your forward foot, shout to get the victim's attention, bend your knees, then—
a. Throw the device beyond the victim but within reach and throw the device so any air or water currents bring it to the victim. Once it is grasped, pull the victim slowly to safety.
b. Throw the device just in front of the victim but within reach and throw the device so any air or water currents bring it to the victim. Once it is grasped, pull the victim slowly to safety.
c. Throw the device beyond the victim but within reach and throw the device so any air or water currents bring the victim back to you. Once it is grasped, pull the victim slowly to safety.
d. Throw the device just in front of the victim but within reach and throw the device so any air or water currents bring it to the victim. Once it is grasped, pull the victim quickly to safety.
a. Throw the device beyond the victim but within reach and throw the device so any air or water currents bring it to the victim. Once it is grasped, pull the victim slowly to safety.
A beach drag is best used with a victim who is—
a. A distressed swimmer.
b. Unconscious.
c. Actively drowning.
d. In very deep water.
b. Unconscious.
When performing the beach drag, you should pull the victim to safety—
a. Sideways.
b. Feet-first.
c. Head-first.
d. Any way possible.
c. Head-first.
Why is it important to support the victim's head, neck and back when moving a victim?
a. Because the head and neck are the heaviest part of the body.
b. To prevent movement in case of a head, neck or back injury.
c. It is easier to take smaller steps while supporting the head, neck and back.
d. It makes the victim more comfortable to handle.
b. To prevent movement in case of a head, neck or back injury.
How do you support the victim's head, neck and back when using the clothes drag?
a. By using the victim's arms and clothing
b. By dragging the victim from the feet
c. By using one arm around the neck
d. By using your arms and the victim's clothing
d. By using your arms and the victim's clothing
You are at a local lake and notice an adult diving off a platform in the shallow water. The man dives in but does not come back out. As you approach the scene, you see that the man is in the water, face-down. Several bystanders are present, but no one has acted. What is the first action you take to help the man?
a. Position the victim face-up at the surface of water and perform a beach drag to get the man to shore.
b. Wade into the water with a shepherd's crook to encircle the man's waist and bring head above the water.
c. Bring the man's head and neck above the water, minimizing their movement.
d. Check to see if a lifeguard or other trained professional is present before touching or moving the man.
d. Check to see if a lifeguard or other trained professional is present before touching or moving the man.
Which method is best used for a person with a suspected head, neck or back injury who is face-up in the water?
a. Clothes drag
b. Head splint
c. Beach drag
d. Hip and shoulder support
d. Hip and shoulder support
How do you minimize head movement when performing a head splint on a person face-down at the surface of the water?
a. Grasp the person under the armpits and cradle the head between your arms.
b. Use your arms to support the victim's head on either side.
c. Use the victim's own arms to stabilize the head.
d. Gently pull on the head with your hands to keep it stabilized and in line with the body.
c. Use the victim's own arms to stabilize the head.
Which of the following is a limitation to moving one or more victims quickly and safely?
a. The age of the victim(s)
b. The size of the victim(s)
c. The number of victims involved
d. The gender of the victim(s)
b. The size of the victim(s)
What is your first goal if you find a victim who is in trouble in the water?
a. To keep yourself safe
b. To call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number
c. To get the person out of the water
d. To rush into the water
a. To keep yourself safe
Three teenagers are wading in the ocean. You hear lots of laughter and noise coming from the group. You see a large wave sweep one of the teenagers into deep water. His friends are laughing and waving to him. As you watch, he is trying to swim but making no progress, although he appears to be working very hard at getting to the shore. Which term best describes this person?
a. Distressed drowning victim
b. Active swimmer
c. Passive drowning victim
d. Distressed swimmer
d. Distressed swimmer
An active drowning victim is best described as—
a. Someone who is able to stay afloat and breathe.
b. Someone who is vertical in the water but has no supporting kick.
c. Someone who is not moving and is face-down in the water.
d. Someone who is trying but making little or no forward progress.
b. Someone who is vertical in the water but has no supporting kick.
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