T/F A person who has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis would be suffering loss of the synovial fluids.
The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called ______.
Football players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee. Which of the ligaments are damaged as a result?
medial collateral, medial meniscus, anterior cruciate
T/F Chondromalacia patellae is hardening of the articular cartilage on the posterior patella surface.
Which of the following statements best describes angular movements?
they change (increase or decrease) the angle between 2 bones
T/F Dislocations in the TMJ almost always dislocate posteriorly with the mandimular condyles ending up in the infratemporal fossa.
T/F Flaxion of the ankle so that the superior aspect of the foot approaches the shin is called dorsiflexion.
Presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments are characteristics of what type of joint?
Articular cartilage found at the ends of long bones serve to____________.
provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
If a patient was suffering from bursitis, this condition would be disgnated as inflammation of a ___________.
small sac containing fluid.
In the classification of joints, which of the following is true?
All synovial joints are freely moveable
Extracapsular ligaments stabalizing the knee include _____.
lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing lateral or medial angular movements.
T/F Synovial fluids contain phagocytic cells that protect the cavity from invasion by microbes or other debris.
When one is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane, its called _____.
Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as crsions in places where friction develops are called ________.
T/F A movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior is supination.
Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hipjoints are ______.
rare because of ligament reinforcement
T/F The major role of ligaments at synovial joints is to help direct movement and restrict undesirable movement.
Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces. Name the 2 bones of the hand that articulate to form a saddle joint.
Trapezium of carpal and thumbs metacarpal
In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with ________.
T/F A person who has been diagnosed with a sprained ankle has an injury to the ligaments that attach to that joint.
T/F The gripping of thetrochlea by the trochlear notch constitutes the "hinge" for the elbow joint.
Synovial fluid is present in joint cavities of freely moveable joints. Which is true abut fluids?
contains hyaluronic acid
T/F The structural classification of joints is based on the composition of the binding material and the presence or absense of a joint cavity.
Joints are classified functionally as ____,____, or _____.
synarthrotic, amphiarthrotic, diarthrotic