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COGS 17 HOMEWORK 9
Terms in this set (67)
A) Classical Conditioning involves developing associations between stimuli. True
B) Operant Conditioning involves developing associations between responses. False
C) Hebbian Synapses are those in which a circuit has developed, though experience, such that it is easier to activate. True
D) Conditioning depends on Temporal Contiguity, which means that the items being associated must co-occur. True
E) The "Law of Effect" states that a behavior repeatedly associated with negative reinforcement is likely to be repeated. False
Long Term Potentiation: Is the majority of glutamate receptors in a given area have Mg+ blocking their receptor sites an LTP?
Long Term Potentiation: Neurons involved have dense dendritic branches?
Long Term Potentiation: A decrease in the levels of retrograde messengers.
Long Term Potentiation: Perforation of the terminal buttons of pre-synaptic cells.
Long Term Potentiation: Significant rates of metabolic activity convert NMDA sites to AMPA sites.
Long Term Potentiation: Neurogenesis
The brain area most implicated in spatial memory
larger in seed-caching birds than in those who do not store food for winter.
One class of neurons that show neurogenesis during the learning of a new spatial layout
Damage to the _______impairs the ability to navigate, to recognize familiar locations, and to read a map.
The ______is also implicated in mapping both your praxic and large-scaled environments.
The representation of a learned territory is sometimes called a
A rat in an "F maze" learns to go to the same arm of that maze for which it was rewarded on the previous trial.
If the Lateral Interpositus in the Cerebellum is cooled down, rabbits still can learn a Tone+Eye Blink association.
An MNDA-Agonist acting in the Striatum will interfere with a rat's recall of cued procedures.
The Amygdala plays an active role in procedural memory.
If the Red Nucleus is cooled down, a rabbit will not show the blink response during training in which a tone co-occurs with a puff of air to the eye.
The Basal Ganglia is not typically implicated in procedural memory.
The cerebellum plays a greater role in procedural memory than the hippocampus does.
Declarative Memory is for cued facts or personal episodes.
The Hippocampus and Cerebellum are both implicated in Declarative Memory.
H.M., the epilepsy patient who underwent radical brain surgery, thereafter suffered from retrograde amnesia.
Damage to the Hippocampus can lead to impairment of performance in a rat that previously learned to "match-to-sample".
A vitamin B1 deficiency, associated with prolonged alcohol abuse, can lead to anterograde amnesia.
Epilepsy involves endogenous waves of widespread brain activity that can produce "Grand-mal" seizures.
"Korsakoff's Syndrome" is characterized by an inability to form new memories.
H.M. was unable to form new procedural memories, such as the pattern of response to a "Tower of Hanoi" puzzle.
Storage: Particular locations in a cognitive map.
Storage: Patterns of activity in praxic space
Posterior Parietal Cortex
Storage: The recognition of words and voices.
Doral Temporal Cortex
Storage: The recognition of faces.
Storage: The "motor programs" related to the timing of muscle moves.
In the Cortico-Spinal motor pathway, activation the right brain generates activity in independant parts of the body on the left side
Lateralization: Anesthesia into the right carotid artery suppresses activity in which hemisphere?
Lateralization: Stutterers are disproprtionately likely to show dominance in which hand?
Lateralization: The Planum Temporale is significantly larger in which hemisphere?
Lateralization: Tapping with which hand is more likely to interfere with speech?
Lateralization: Which hemisphere is dominant for speech?
Lateralization on Gender:
Lateralization on Gender: Larger corpus callosum
Lateralization on Gender: More likley to recover ability after damage to the dominant hemisphere for that function.
Lateralization on Gender: More likely to suffer from hemispheric competition for control of speech
Split Brain Patient: Image flashed in right visual field can be recognized by touch in which hand?
Split Brain Patient: This surgery is most likely done in patients with seizures affecting which hemisphere?
Split Brain Patient: Patient is more likely able to repeat a word flashed in which visual field?
Split Brain Patient: The visual cortex in which hemisphere is most likely to respond to a patient seeing an image in the right visual field?
Association: Anomia for nouns and verbs
Association: Phonemic Paraohasia
Association: Also called "Production Aphasia"
Association: Articulation difficulties
Association: Articulation difficulties
Association: No concurrent deficits in Sign Language
Association: Fluent but nonsensical speech
Association: Can be associated with Sign Language deficits
Association: May include difficulties with lip reading
Association: May involve "Pure Word Deafness"
Association: Difficulties in rehearsal in "Phonological Loop"
Association: Can repeat "cows eat grass" but not "No ifs, ands, or buts"
Association: Also called "Receptive Aphasia"
Association: Damage to premotor cortex
Association: Can not follow commands
Association: Damage to Planum Temporale
Association: May include connecions to the STS
Which of the following brain areas is the least likely to be involved in exchanges of spoken speech?
A) Global pattern recognition includes melody. True
B) Damage to the right Temporal Lobe can result in deficits in interpreting spatial relations. False
C) Damage to the right Parietal Lobe can result in reduced emotional expression. False
D) Right hemisphere receives greater input from via magnocellular pathways than the left hemisphere does. True
E) Plays a role in organizing narrative, and "getting the gist" of a story. True
F) Damage to the right Parietal Lobe can result in deficits in mathematical reasoning. True
G) Damage to the right Occipital Lobe can reduce capacity to interpret emotions in others. False
H) Damage to the right Parietal Lobe can negatively impact the ability to read maps. True
Sleep has been known to reactivate recent experiences that are stored in the hippocampus and move them into permanent storage. This is known as
What are the advantages and disadvantages of TMS
Brain: What is the outer covering of the brain called?
What does the inferior temporal lobe do?
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