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The 6 Constitutional Principles:
Terms in this set (19)
The Basic Principles
-sets the federal gov.
-it is "law" by which gov, must function.
1. Popular Sovereignty
2. Limited Gov.
3. Separation of Powers
4. Checks and Balances
5. Judicial Review
1. Popular Sovereignty
A government in which the people rule by their own consent.
Representative democracy...vote to choose leaders.
opening line to the constitution
2. Limited Government
-gov-not all powerful, boundaries
-power rests w/ the people.
-Bill of Rights- rights not to be violated by gov.
-Rule of Law- no person in gov above law.
-Separation of powers- checks and balances, judicial review, and federalism support limiting power,
interpret the consititution/laws
3. sepearation of powers
Each branch of government to balance the power of the government
Supreme Court-judicial- interprets the laws, primarily in the Constitution.
4. Checks that Balance Powers
-system maintaining the balance of power between the branches.
-each branch has its own powers which act as a "check" on the powers of the other 2 branches.
-"check" an action/reaction designed to restrain the power of the other branches.
5. Judicial Review
-power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
-if unconstitutional it is no longer in effect or legal.
-Marbury vs. Madison- case in which it established judicial review.
-like a ladder, contains level
gov ides that there are different levels of government over us at the same time.
local gov, pennsylvania gov- over us, federal gov- over us.
states has the right to make laws for themselves (credits to graduate, driving laws) that is not the federal govs. business to make.
-the division of governmental power between the federal level of gov. and the states gov.
-1780's- how to strengthen the national gov. to make it effective yet keep enough power for the states.
-laws, issues, and how different states do things differently.
Amending the Constitution
-4 methods, involves all 50 states
-2 steps in all 4:
1. Amendments are proposed at the federal level of gov. (Congress)
2. Amendments are ratified at the state level of gov. (state legislatures or conventions in each state)
Needs approval of two-thirds of Congress and three-fourths of the states.
formal- written in the constitution.
not formal- not written part
every governmental change is a written part of constitution.
1. Some laws passed by Congress
2. Some actions taken by presidents
3. Some decisions of the Supreme Court
4. Influence of political parties and changes they brought.
5. some product of tradition and practice.
Chapter 4: The U.S. Congress- House of Reps and Senate
4.1 Members of Congress and Their Jobs
A- Responsibilities of the 535 members
1. Make Laws
2. Serve on Committees
3. Represent Constituents
4. Serve Constituents
4. Act as Politicians
conscience and judgment
representative- for the people
Devoted to or biased in support of a party, group, or cause
combine the elements of all 3.
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