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Unit 4: African Kingdoms
A look into the kingdoms that once flourished in West, East, and South Africa
Terms in this set (32)
A situation in which quantity/commodity supplied is greater than quantity/commodity demanded(e.g. salt for gold)
A raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold, such as gold or salt.
First known kingdom in sub-Saharan West Africa between the sixth and thirteenth centuries C.E. Also the modern West African country once known as the Gold Coast.
A civilization to the south of Egypt in the Nile Valley, noted for development of an alphabetic writing system and a major iron working industry by 500 BCE
"The lion prince". Founded the Mali empire in W. Africa. Oral Tradition: Son of a regional African ruler. Deformed left leg left him crippled. When his father died, his kingdom was overrun and enemies killed the royal family except for Sundiata. He eventually grew stronger and began hunting. Enemies forced him into exile, where he became a strong warrior. He eventually returned home and claimed the throne His calvary (main strength of his army) slashed through his enemies and he effortlessly established rule throughout the Niger River valley. He was a Muslim and welcomed Muslim merchants to his capital of Niani. Empire included Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, and Sierra Leone.
Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East.
A West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591.
"Where the King Dwells" Kingdom in West Africa which helped develop the salt for gold trading network.
A city located 400 miles southeast of Meroë. In A.D. 350 King Ezana of Axum conquered Kush. It was the capital of a kingdom located in a rugged plateau region of eastern Africa called Ethiopia.
Axum's chief seaport; crowded with lots of activity from various merchants; near present-day Massawa
A Christian kingdom that developed in the highlands of eastern Africa under the dynasty of King Lalaibela; retained Christianity in the face of Muslim expansion elsewhere in Africa
Ethiopian king and monarch of zagwe dynasty who directed a remarkable building project in which 11 great churches were sculpted from rock into the ground
A Bantu and Arabic language widely used as a trade language in East Africa and having official status in several countries
A powerful state in the African interior that apparently emerged from the growing trade in gold to the East African coast; flourished between 1250 and 1350 C.E.
A married couple and their unmarried children living together.
Based on or tracing the family through the mother.
Based on or tracing descent through the male line
inherited properties/households/families shared with others of your bloodline
A general agreement about basic beliefs.
Capital in a kingdom in South Nubia from 4th century B.C.E. - 4th century C.E..
Degradation of land, espicially in semiarid areas, primarly because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal grazing and tree cutting
A major African language family. Collective name of a large group of sub-Saharan African languages and of the peoples speaking these languages. Famous for migrations throughout central and southern Africa.
A grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees. Heavily found in Africa.
Areas where the water was too swift and rocky to allow boats to pass, which protected Egypt from invasion along the Nile River
Arabic for "desert", the largest desert region on Earth, found in North Africa and expanding southward into West Africa. A mixture of sandy and rocky deserts (ergs and regs), home to nomadic peoples such as the Tuaregs. Considered difficult wastelands for centuries.
A storyteller in West Africa
Rebel leader who captured Timbuktu and established the kingdom of Songhai. Did not observe Islam
The movement of the Bantu peoples southward throughout Africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around A.D 1000
Kingdom of Ghana
First of the great medieval trading empires of western Africa (7th - 13th century). Located in what is now southeastern Mauritania and part of Mali, it acted as intermediary between Arab and Berber salt traders to the north and gold and ivory producers to the south.
Gold for Salt Trade
trade of the Western Kingdoms of Africa; West Africans trade gold resources for North African salt; dietary necessity. People needed salt in their diet and the Sahara had an abundance of salt. but in the savanna, salt was scare so merchants would pay 1 lb of gold for 1lb of salt
Monsoon Trade Winds
Winds that from November to March which blew from India to Africa, the switch from April to October and created a strong trading network between these two regions.
East African Trade Cities
Thrived by trading gold, salt, slaves, and other good from Africa to the Middle East. Arab religion, culture and education spread to the cities of Malindi, Kilwa, Mombasa, Sofala, which were along the East Coast of Africa.
Who was the founder of Mali?
Which region produced the Chavín culture?
Judging from Map 4.2, "Trade and Disease in the Fourteenth Century," the likely source of the bubonic plague would most accurately be described as
In "African American Studies in the 21st Century," Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (1992) argues that African American Studies in the twenty-first century must focus on:
Sets with similar terms
Chapter 8: Early Civilizations in Africa
Chapter 8 Early Civilizations in Africa
Chapter 11: Kingdoms and Trading States of Africa
Mark's Ch. 11 - Africa study guide
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