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End of the Year Review
Day 2 of Wojtala Final
Terms in this set (10)
Social Contract: Hobbes, Locke Rousseau
Hobbes believed that humans were inherently evil and therefore had to give up their freedoms in exchange for protection. He believed in a monarch to lead the people, one that no person can question. Locke believed that humans were born neutral and could become good or evil. He argued that the government existed to serve the goods of the people and if it did not do that then they had every right to destroy the government and form a new one. Rousseau believed humans were born good, corrupted by the evil of the world. He didn't exactly support any form of government. Picture a village where people come to decisions and agreements that benefit the village as a whole. Tiny democracy with like no structure.
3 Causes of French Revolution
Absolute rule, taxation inequality, enlightenment. The king was a bum, the taxes weren't fair and people started listening to philosophers from the enlightenment.
Napoleon's 3 Mistakes
Blockade of Britain, The Peninsular War and Invasion of Russia. The continental system did not work, he could not stop Europe from trading with GB. He was bogged down fighting against guerrilla tactics in Spain due to a mini civil war. And everyone knows Russia, it was cold, the Russians scorched the earth and Moscow (St. Petersburg at the time). Russia screwed him over a lot.
3 effects of Industrial Revolution
Urbanization - basically cities exploded with tons of people coming to work in factories. Technology improved greatly and continued improving at a higher speed. Goods became cheaper to buy as they were faster and cheaper to make. SO urbanization, technology and the availability of goods (You could say consumerism but I don't know if she'd like that word for industrialization).
List and explain one example of how nationalism led to the fall of a nation.
In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the many lesser states' wishes for independence caused it to collapse from the inside. Their prince got shot because people in Bosnia wanted to leave the empire. (Start of WW1).
List and explain one example of how nationalism has led to the rise of a nation.
Germany's nationalism lead to it's unity before WW1. Prussia took it upon itself unite the German states and make one great German people. This new country that basically formed overnight rivaled GB and France. (Think Otto Von Bismark).
Political, Social and Economic reasons to imperialize
Political: you could place military bases where you imperialized which would allow you to have a greater advantage in wars. Socially you could spread your ideologies and religion to people you viewed as lesser (White man's burden sorta thing). Economically you got exclusive trading rights with the places you controlled which would allow you to mark up the prices when selling the same goods elsewhere or manufacturing the raw materials into goods. If you don't get this one right you're a dummy. Sorry. That's mean. I didn't mean it.
M.A.I.N. (Reasons for WW1)
Militarism: Countries bulking up their militaries, Germany had 3.8 million people in their army. Alliances: When your ally goes to war, you do too. Think about the Entente (GB, France, and Russia). Imperialism made countries want to fight over all those juicy resources. Remember that Germany was new and had no colonies so they really wanted to expand their empire (Germany's place under the sun). For nationalism think about the countries that wanted independence from their greater empires. Shooting Archduke Ferdinand because you want independence is a pretty good example. (Garbilo Princip).
Capitalism vs Marxism
Marxism was based on full equality while Capitalism had social Darwinism. Capitalism was proposed by Adam Smith and Marxism was proposed by Karl Marx. Capitalism merely calls for a lack of government control in the market while ideal Marxism lacks a government entirely. (Not that this is important but if you think about it, Rousseau would probably be a commie) They're both economic systems. Both systems encourage hard work. (again, ideal Marxism). They both have a lack of government involvement when it comes to the trading of goods. Look, these aren't perfect and I wish that I could make them perfect but the truth is that they're both theories that never got put fully into practice correctly. (You might be able to put that one but Wojtala might argue that early 20th century America was fully capitalist. In that case I'll argue with her for you).
Define civil disobedience and one time Gandhi put it into practice
Civil disobedience is like respectfully disagreeing. You choose not to participate in the things you dislike but you're not aggressive towards those you disagree with. Gandhi was pretty good at this. One time he walked all the way to the ocean to collect salt using an old method rather than paying the taxes that the British put on the salt in India. What he did was considered illegal but he did do it to hurt anybody.
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