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Final Exam - US History
Final exam review
Terms in this set (45)
Complete control of a product or business by one person or group
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
a factory fire that killed 146 female workers trapped in the building; led to new safety standard laws
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882 law that prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers
Jim Crow laws
State laws in the South that legalized segregation.
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
Interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for African Americans.
Government activities aimed at breaking up monopolies and trusts. - Teddy Roosevelt is known for this
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Taft's policy with Latin America; the use of a country's financial power to extend its international influence.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
Selective Service Act
act passed by Congress in 1917 authorizing a draft of men for military service
A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I. Rejected by U.S. Senate!
Movement of African Americans from the South to the North for jobs.
Women during WW1
They joined the work force while men were away; led to increased support for women's voting rights
A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
1925 trial of a Tennessee schoolteacher for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution
Stock Market Crash of 1929
Plunge in stock market prices that marked the beginning of the Great Depression
Causes of the Great Depression
credit buying, overproduction, less consumer spending, falling stocks; high tariffs strangled international trade
This region was affected by the Dust Bowl. Many left and headed to California in search of employment.
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
Agricultural Adjustment Act
Gave farmers money to reduce crop size to reduce production and bring up the value of crops
Leader of Nazi Germany during WW2
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union during WW2
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Was attacked on December 7, 1941.
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
Navajo Code Talkers
Native Americans from this tribe used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not decipher
People who wanted the United States to stay out of world affairs
Germany, Italy, Japan during WW2
Executive Order 9066
FDR's order to place all Japanese Americans in Internment Camps
1947 - Stated that the U.S. would support any nation threatened by Communism.
Barrier set up in 1961 to separate East and West Berlin
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination in public places based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated. Overturned 'separate but equal'
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States.
1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to settle there and develop it for five years. Encouraged westward migration.
Women first got the right to vote in this region of the U.S.
Prohibition of alcohol
Gave women the right to vote
journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration.
Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico
Territory gained by the U.S. as a result of the Spanish-American War
Rise of organized crime
One result of Prohibition during the 1920s was this...
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
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