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Personal Fitness Final Review
Terms in this set (76)
INCREASED BODY TEMPERATURE AND COOL CLAMMY SKIN
A severe condition caused by impairment of the body's temperature-regulating abilities, resulting from prolonged exposure to excessive heat and characterized by cessation of sweating, severe headache, high fever, hot dry skin, and in serious cases collapse and coma
Over 50 degrees, a measure of how hot it really feels when relative humidity is factored with actual air temperature. Can give way to Heat Alerts we hear about in summer. Can raise heat index values by up to 15 Degrees. Strong winds also raise heat index to dangerous levels....
A condition that results when body tissues become frozen
Abnormally low body temperature
Abnormally high body temperature
A pain in the side of the lower abdomen that occurs as a result of vigorous activity
a body injury that occurs when a repeated movement causes wear and tear on the body
The act of causing tiny unseen openings in the skin that can allow entry by pathogenic microbes.
Bone to bone
Attaches muscle to bone
Why should you perform a warmup?
to get your heart rate up
Why perform a cool-down
to get your heart rate down
What is the RICE formula?
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
A blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart.
A disorder in which cholesterol and calcium build up inside the walls of the blood vessels, forming plaque, which eventually leads to partial or complete blockage of blood flow.
Occurs when blood flow to part of the heart muscle is blocked
A sudden attack of weakness or paralysis that occurs when blood flow to an area of the brain is interrupted
Systolic Blood Pressure
The blood pressure measured during the period of ventricular contraction; in blood pressure readings, it is the higher, upper number of the two measurement
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Lowest blood pressure in the arteries, occurring during diastole- of the cardiac cycle
Abnormally high blood pressure
Transports oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues and subsequently transports deoxygenated blood back to the heart
The general blood circulation of the body, not including the lungs.
Blood flow through a network of vessels between the heart and the lungs for the oxygenation of blood and the removal of carbon dioxide.
(n.) excessive fatness
A condition in which the body's bones become weak and break easily.
a condition that occurs when a person is overly concerned about getting enough exercise
A condition in which the body is unable to produce enough insulin, the hormone required for the metabolism of sugar
Actions or behaviors that represent a potential health threat
Abnormal anterior curvature of the lumbar spine (sway-back condition)
Drooping of and inability to raise the upper eyelid; caused be the levator muscle's inability to function
Principles of specificity
- The performance of specific exercises in order to improve specific components of physical fitness in specific body parts
Principle of progression
gradually increasing the intensity and the duration of an activity
Principle of overload
Exercising more than you normally do improves fitness
Threshold of training
The minimum amount of overload needed to build physical fitness
the upper limit of your physical activity
Target Fitness Zone
Correct range of physical activity
Blood vessels transport blood, which carries oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, wastes, etc. The heart pumps blood.
Brings oxygen into the body. Gets rid of carbon dioxide.
Flaps of tissue that open and close to allow the flow of blood in one direction only. The heart's valves are located at the entrances and exits of its chambers.
A type of fat made by the body from saturated fat; a minor part of fat in foods.
- a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood
- "Low Density Lipoprotein
A blood protein essential to blood clotting. The conversion of fibrinogen to its active form (fibrin) is among the final steps in clot formation, and is triggered by thrombin.
provided by anastomoses, an alternate route that can supply the tissue with blood if the primary route becomes obstructed
steady activity in which the heart can supply all the oxygen the muscles need
Respiration in the absence of sufficient oxygen leads to a build up of lactic acid that has to be cleared when sufficient oxygen is available.
Produced in muscle cells from the reduction of pyruvate (under anaerobic conditions) to regenerate NAD+ so that glycolysis can continue. A rise in lactic acid usually accompanies an increase in physical activity.
Resting Heart Rate
The number of times your heart beats in one minute when you are not active
A type of exercise directed toward increasing muscle mass.
Range of motion
Complete extent of movement of which a joint is normally capable.
The laxity of ligaments, either locally or systemically, produces an increase in joint mobility that is called _______
A disease of the joints that makes movement painful.
Slowly stretching a muscle to the point of tension
a series of quick but gentle bouncing or bobbing motions designed to stretch your muscles
A term for the total amount of weight you can lift or resistance you can overcome regardless of your body weight
light exercise designed to promote general fitness
Ability of muscles to perform physical tasks over a long period of time without tiring
An increase in the size of the muscle fibers
muscle length changes and moves the load, the tension remains relatively constant through the rest of the contractile period; come in two flavors concentric and eccentric
Muscle contracts but there is no movement, muscle stays the same length
Progressive Resistance Exercise
resistance must be gradually, progressively increased as the muscles adapt to a given exercise
uses progressive resistance, either in the form of the actual weight lifted or in terms of the number of times the weight is lifted (repititions)
judged according to muscle hypertrophy, definition, and symmetry.
The amount of weight or resistance you can overcome for each pound of body weight (strength per pound of body weight)
Ability to ward off disease
How much weight (resistance) your muscles can move for a short time (the maximum weight you can lift once).
tight, bulky muscles that prevent free movement
A synthetic variant of the male hormone testosterone that mimics some of its effects.
Exercises that build the muscles of the trunk and help the body maintain a good posture.
An energy storage molecule used by muscle tissue. The phosphate from creatine phosphate can be removed and attached to an ADP to generate ATP quickly.
Anything designed to increase work or improve performance. Mechanical (shoes), psychological (psychotherapy), pharmacological (drugs), dietary supplements.
Division of a training program into smaller, progressive stages`
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