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28 terms

Nutrition Class

Which statement is TRUE regarding nutrition as a science?
The study of nutrition includes eating patterns and food safety
Jane consumed a breakfast that contained 85 grams of carbohydrate, 20 grams of protein, and 18 grams of fat. How many kilocalories did Jane eat at breakfast?
582 kilocalories
Which of the following is NOT an essential nutrient?
The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) were established to refocus nutrient recommendations toward preventing:
chronic diseases
Which of the following is NOT classified as a lipid?
Which class of nutrients provides energy to the body?
What percentage of deaths in the United States can be attributed to unhealthy lifestyle behaviors such as smoking, alcohol misuse, physical inactivity, and unbalanced diet?
Which federal agency conducts the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)?
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Which of the following are examples of carbohydrate-rich foods?
wheat and lentils
The ________ represents the average daily nutrient intake level that meets the nutrient requirements for 97% to 98% of healthy individuals.
The standard used to estimate the daily nutrient needs of half of all healthy individuals is:
Which of the following nutrients is classified as a major mineral?
An RDA is established based on the:
________ are strongly accepted principles supported by many hypotheses that have been collectively confirmed through repeated research.
Which of the following is FALSE?
Lipids are soluble in water
________ are inorganic nutrients that are NOT broken down by the human body or destroyed by heat
Overconsumption of ________ has the greatest potential for toxicity.
Vitamin D
The two overarching goals of ________ are to increase quality and years of healthy life and to eliminate health disparities.
Healthy People 2010
The AMDR for Fat is:
Which of the following describes the vitamins A, D, E, and K?
can be stored in adipose and liver tissue
Your grandmother has recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Which of the following professionals is most likely to be qualified to offer your grandmother assistance in planning her diabetic diet?
Registered Dietitian (RD)
The type of study that observes a large population to determine factors that may influence nutritional habits and disease trends is called a(n):
epidemiological study
Which of the following nutrients is organic?
The dietary standard that has been established regarding nutrients about which more research is needed to determine human requirements is the:
Which of the following is an example of an organic micronutrient?
Which of the following is TRUE regarding the science of nutrition? (all of the above!)
As compared to many other scientific disciplines, nutrition is a young science. Discoveries by the first nutritional scientists established the connection between deficiencies and illness. In developed countries, current research in nutrition focuses on the relationship between diet and chronic diseases.
Vitamin C and the B vitamins are examples of:
water-soluble vitamins
Which of the following is a micronutrient?