Biological Macromolecules Notes Practice
Terms in this set (23)
This word means the large molecules that all living things contain.
List the four types of biological macromolecules.
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids
Bread, rice, corn, and pasta
Subnits of Carbohydrates
Uses of Carbohydrates
Rapid energy source for cells; building material in plants
Carbohydrates are found in cells:
In the cytoplasm and attached to the outside of the cell membrane.
Carbohydrates and lipids are made of the following elements.
Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen.
Examples of Lipids:
Oils, butter, and waxes
Subunit of Lipids:
Uses of Lipids:
Store energy for long periods of time; form waterproof surfaces
Lipids are found in cells:
In cell membranes and in vacuoles
Meat, Fish, Beans and Nuts
Building cellular strucutres, control cell processes as enzymes
Protein is found in cells:
In the cytoplasm and as channels in the cell membrane
Elements found in protein:
Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen and Nitrogen
Examples of Nucleic Acids:
DNA and RNA
Nucleic Acids Subunit:
Nucleic Acid Uses:
Transmits genetic information from one generation to the next and controls protein production.
Nucleic acid is found in cells:
In the nucleus and in the cytoplasm
Elements in Nucleic Acids:
Hydrogen, Carbon, Oxygen and Phosphorous
Long chains of repeating units.
The three biological macromolecule groups that form polymers are:
Carbohydrates, Proteins and Nucleic Acids