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EN 209 Midterm
Terms in this set (121)
Who wrote "A model of Christian Charity"?
Who wrote "To her father with some verses"?
who wrote "Contemplations"?
Who wrote "the author to her book"?
who wrote "before the birth of one of her children"?
who wrote "for deliverance from a fever"?
Who wrote "meditation"?
who wrote "sinners in the hands of an angry god"?
who wrote "a divine and supernatural light"?
who wrote "the way to wealth"?
Who wrote "to those who would remove to America"?
who wrote "remarks concerning the savages of North America"?
who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
who wrote "Notes on the State of Virginia"?
who wrote "common sense"?
who wrote "the age of reason"?
who wrote "the narrative of the life of olaudah equiano"?
who wrote "on being brought from Africa to America"?
who wrote "To the Right Honourable William, Earl of Dartmouth"?
who wrote "To his excellency General Washington"?
who wrote "what is an American?"
J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur
who wrote "The Federalist No. 1"?
who wrote "The Federalist No. 10"?
Who wrote The Bill of Rights?
James Madison and Thomas jefferson
who wrote "somnambulism"?
Charles Brocken brown
the prose work by Mary Rowlandson is an example of what genre?
the metaphor Winthrop uses to "frame" his conclusions is that true Christians are _____________.
part of the body of Christ
TorF? The Iroquois and Navajo works are examples of creation stories, which form a basis of mythology.
TorF? The Iroquois were actually a confederation of five nations that was formed before 1492.
The Great Awakening refers to:
the massive religious reformation of American Christianity beginning in the 18th century.
TorF? First Nations (Native American) literature was primarily oral, later translated and written down.
TorF? Although many First Nations groups preferred the French to the English, Pontiac expresses the need to align with the English in his "Speech at Detroit".
TorF? In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson argues for the destruction of monarchy as a system of government.
How does the Declaration of Independence reflect Enlightenment political theory?
By trying to exit the monarchy, and trying to form a republic instead without a king.
How does the Declaration of Independence reflect Enlightenment style of writing?
By being simple, concise, and lacking emotion.
How does the Declaration of Independence reflect and explain what is so revolutionary about the creation of the document itself?
The creation of this document was revolutionary because instead of rebelling and creating chaos, this document was made to prove their sophistication and legitimacy.
What are three distinguishing features of the 18th century slave narrative?
1. to condemn slavery as an institution.
2. to combat racial stereotypes.
3. demonstrates universal human feelings.
who wrote these lines: "'Twas mercy brought me from my pagan land/Taught my benighted soul to understand/That there's a God, that there's a Savior too."
when was "A model of Christian Charity" written?
the two rules for John Wintrhop's "A Model of Christian Charity" are __________ and ____________.
justice and mercy
Bradstreet is often referred to as _____________________ because her poems were the first published poems by an American.
the Mother of American Poetry
Anne Bradstreet's poems reflect _______________, ______________-, and ___________________.
-religious doubt and faith.
-devotion to family.
-defend women against misogynist stereotypes.
*also reflect anxiety over public reception of her work.
From a historical context, Bradstreet's poems refer to _______________, _________________, and _______________.
-the common death of young children during the time period.
-The Puritan belief of God's providence.
-demonstrate Puritan humility (like how God punished her w/ smallpox for her pride and vanity)
mythology often tries to ask/answer what four questions?
-Who are we?
-Where did we come from?
-Why is our world the way it is?
-What is our purpose?
What year did England change to Great Britain?
what type of literature is the "Fabric of civilization"?
What is a problem with oral literature?
it was not meant to be written down, and may be misinterpreted over time.
What characteristics of mythology are present in the Iroquois Creation story?
-it's a creation story, a myth.
-the birth of twins is a common symbolic figure among creation stories.
In mythology, what is the agent between good vs. evil that can cause chaos, but also help balance it?
what type of language is openly interpretive? Explores the unknown; allows you to imagine, speculate, and discuss the unknown.
You need figurative language to explain what kind of world?
the non literal world, such as supernatural or spiritual worlds.
what type of language is "real" or "realistic" and not meant to be further interpreted?
What ship was "A Model of Christian Charity" spoken upon?
"A Model of Christian Charity" reflects Winthrop's ___________ beliefs.
relating to or denoting a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.
describe "A Model of Christian Charity".
oral literature spoken before a voyage.
They are on a kind of religious quest, so everything they do must carry out God's will to be done.
They want to make a society that is simple compared to Europe, by going back to the basics of the Bible.
They believe they can set up a pure christian society.
what does Winthrop believe about human laws?
human laws must attempt to emulate God's will/God's nature.
what is prose?
non poetic literature
what came from captivity narratives around the 18th century?
who wrote the captivity narrative we read in class?
what type of literature was seen as common, not artistic, and not skillful until the emergence of the novel?
what type of literature was seen as aesthetic and artistic?
Describe Mary Rowlandson's captivity narrative:
-similar to the book of Job in the Bible: God's will is mysterious/God works in mysterious ways.
-God's "why" is not for humans to know.
-She had to have faith that what was happening to her was a test of faith.
when was the French and Indian war?
what was the outcome of the French and Indian war?
British won, and most French were kicked out of the US (with some exceptions like Louisiana)
Who was big on self-reliance; that you are in control of your own destiny, not God?
When did Pontiac give his speech?
What was Pontiac's speech about?
About how the Native Americans need to go back to their ways prior to meeting the Europeans; and that they have strayed too far from their traditions.
What years roughly did the Enlightenment occur during?
God is mysterious, allusive, and the extend of divine intervention in human affairs is unknown.
describe the Enlightenment and Religion:
-religion was private, voluntary
-the universe is harmonious, balanced; thus, a reflection of God's nature.
-Earthly happiness is possible through moral behavior toward one another.
-humanity is not inherently depraved, but good.
describe the Enlightenment and Government:
-government must reflect Nature: balance and harmony.
-Governments should exist to protect natural rights.
-Governments should protect equality before the law.
-Laws should be grounded in morality and designed to bring about justice.
What were the primary purposes of government during the Enlightenment?
Justice and protection of rights.
how did some enlightenment thinkers justify slavery, racism, and sexism?
on the basis of the "natural order" of things.
Ex. specific gender roles provided balance: women as domestic nurturers while men tended to the public and political roles.
what are characteristics of Enlightenment literature?
-Enlightenment writers often wrote in a clear, concise style.
-Logic, reason, and dispassionate language was favored.
-Enlightenment writers believed literature should be morally instructive.
what year was the Declaration of Independence written?
Why a declaration of Independence? Why not just revolt?
1. Age of reason, the declaration is a product of Enlightenment thinking.
2. Important for them to base their revolution in the enlightenment values and be rational people.
3. Must be justified to the world.
What was the problem with Jefferson asking for Spain and France's help?
They were revolting against Britain's King, and Spain and France also were ruled by Kings, so they did not want Spain and France to feel threatened.
Why could Jefferson only condemn Britain's monarchy, when in reality he was against all monarchies as a whole?
He had to convince Spain and France to help them, and condemning monarchies as a whole would make them not like him.
When was "The Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano" written?
What type of literature was "The Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano"?
how do slave narratives condemn slavery as a whole?
by arguing it is a violation of natural rights, and by arguing slavery is an issue of morality.
how do slave narratives combat racial stereotypes?
by attacking the irrationality of racial stereotypes (shows enlightenment thinking)
how do slave narratives demonstrate universal human feelings?
by showing that every human being desires freedom and liberty
What was the purpose of art during the enlightenment?
to be morally instructive and to teach the principles of Nature.
Why was de Crevecoeur fearful of the frontier?
because he thinks it will turn you into an Indian (referring to the racist notion that Native Americans were seen as "savages")
What does "What is an American?" discuss?
how America is turning into a melting pot, and may become a new race of people.
What is the aesthetic (artistic) aspect of the Enlightenment?
Neo classical poetry
what is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable?
what is the rhythm of a poem?
what is a poetic line of five feet (ten syllables)?
what is five feet of iambs?
what is four feet of iambs?
what is rhyming lines of iambic pentameter or iambic tetrameter?
what is unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter?
poets considered English language to be naturally _____________ in nature.
Nature, for the Neo classicists, was what?
"the universal and permanent elements in human experience" and the rules of art are "Nature methodized"
Nature for the Neo classicist are principles of ______________ and ________________ of the universe, rather than its materials (like trees and animals).
harmony and balance
who was the most influential poet of the 18th century in English?
TorF? Pope believed that poetry should teach the principles of Neo classical Nature and be morally and intellectually instructive.
what is the point in Neo classical poetry?
to idealize the subject
Who are the three authors of the Federalist Papers?
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay
what is Hamilton trying to convey in "The Federalist No.1"?
he is trying to articulate that there will be checks and balances on the government since some people are worried federalism will be too strict of a government system.
What are some aspects of Enlightenment in The Federalist papers?
-a well reasoned argument.
-essays like these are a product of the Enlightenment.
-the system of checks and balances allows us to avoid violence.
-This is just enlightenment views being put into action.
What was Madison trying to convey in "The Federalist No.10"?
he argued against a pure democracy, because he was worried the majority rule would eventually have the ability to strip people of their rights.
Still argues that some elements of democracy still need to be used, like the voting system, but overall, the republic rule must be the law of the land.
when was the Bill of Rights written?
what was the point of the Bill of Rights?
to say they were going to put restrictions on themselves and the government.
What does the Bill of Rights tell you?
tells you what the government cannot do, and lists out the rights that you are born with, not that the government grants you.
freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition.
right to bear arms
you don't have to let soldiers in your house during peacetime
must have a warrant or probable cause to search you or your property.
right to remain silent
when was "somnambulism" written?
who was one of the first American authors of fiction?
when did Romanticism start?
describe Gothic Literature:
-a subcategory of romanticism
-has anti neoclassical aesthetics
-a kind of horror literature
questions the Enlightenment and nature of humanity
what are some things that Gothic Literature explores?
-it questions the limits of reason (like to what extent is it possible for a human being to a be totally rational thinker?)
-Explores the darker recesses of human nature that you cannot control such as race, sexuality, subconscious, unconscious, etc.
-Explores the world of irrational and the unknown.
What is the overall message of "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
it is a sermon arguing that all white men are sinners and salvation is only possible through redemption by Christ.
And although believing in Christ is no guarantee of making it to heaven, all who fail to accept Christ face the certain doom of eternal damnation.
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