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Theology 10 : Final Exam
Terms in this set (85)
a word that describes the life of the early Church
they were the focus of the Council of Jerusalem and how they were to become followers of christ
the practice of an ever-increasing acquisition and consumption of goods
the Church's mission began with what feast?
where were the disciples of Christ first called Christians?
Proto Evangelium ; Genesis 3:15
the first announcement that God would send a Messiah
where is it located in the Bible?
What is the essence of unity of the Church?
the term used to describe the union of the Divine and Human nature of Christ, the Son of God, in one Divine person
The worshiping of someone or something other than God
Deposit of Faith
what is the heritage of the faith contained in Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition?
what is the movement inspired and led by the Holy Spirit that seeks the union of all Christian religions and people under the Catholic Church?
Rome, Jerusalem, Alexandria, Antioch, and Constantinople
Where were the early centers of Christianity located? (5)
Gnosticism, Apollonarinism, Arianism, Monophysitism, Nestoriansim
What were the five early Church heresies?
the heresy that claimed Christ had only divine nature, and that his human nature was absorbed into his divine nature
heresy that claimed some of Christ's traits were purely divine and others purely human ; also claimed that Maru was only the mother of Christ's human self, and that she could not be called the Mother of God
heresy that claimed even though Jesus had a human body, he did not possess a human soul
heresy denied Jesus' divinity and claimed that Christ was God's greatest creation who was made before time, but was a creature nonetheless.
heresy claimed that there was secret knowledge of salvation given to the apostles and a select few by Christ ; denied the resurrection of Christ, while also saying that Christ never took on human flesh
What emperor performed the most sever Christian persecutions in the first century
what is the term for break in christian unity that occurs when a group of people separates themselves from the Church ; happens historically when groups break union with the Church
What year was the Great Schism?
what is a baptized person who denies or stubbornly doubts a dogma?
a baptized person who denies Christ and rejects the Christian faith
what is a defender of the faith?
what was the Church tribunal that was established in the 13th century that was designed to curb heretical teachings and beliefs?
The East and West Schism of 1054
what the most important schism in Church history?
term used to banish or destroy icons ; the destroying of sacred images
the armed expeditions by Christians (1095-1291) that were intended to drive the Muslims out of the Holy Land and reunite Christians of the East and the West
What was the effort to reform the Catholic Church in the 16th century that led to the separation of large numbers of Christians from communion with Rome and each other?
Orthodox perform infant initiation where the child receives all the sacraments at once, while Catholics spread out the receiving of sacraments
the differences between the Orthodox Church's initiation and the Catholic Church
The Orthodox Church does not practice teaching Purgatory, and fast more often and strictly than Catholics
what does the Orthodox Church believe about fasting and purgatory?
all bishops are equal
What is the Orthodox view of the hierarchy of bishops?
claimed salvation and damnation are predestined (predestination) ; both are predestined by God before birth
What did Calvin's on salvation and damnation state?
what is the referral to Christians who do not believe in the Catholic faith in its entirety or have broken ties with unity in the pope?
what is the latin term for Scripture alone
where does holiness come from?
what is the term for seeing God face to face?
what is the belief that Mary was conceived without Original Sin?
what is the calling or destiny we have in this life and hereafter?
priests, bishops, and deacons
who shares in the ministerial priesthood?
what is the term for being made holy?
what is the term for the declaration by the pope that a member of the faith may be venerated as a saint?
what is a nine day prayer for a specific intention?
Christmas, Ordinary time after the Epiphany, Lent, Advent, Easter, Ordinary time after Pentacost
what are the 6 main parts of the Church year?
what is the season that immediately precedes the Christmas season?
What is the season that immediately precedes the Easter Season?
what is the season that celebrates the mystery of Christ in all its aspects rather than some specific ones?
what is the domestic church built on?
what is a gathering of all Catholic bishops of the world to makes decisions on matters of the Church?
what term and action is a efficacious sign of grace?
what is the universal sacrament of salvation
what is essential and necessary for salvation?
what is the belief in opposition to Christian doctrine ; that God and nature are one in the same?
Abraham's son Isacc leads to Christ
What is the relationship between the Catholic Church and the Jews?
Abraham's son Ishmael leads to Muhamad
What is the relationship between the Catholic Church and Muslims
what is the process of drawing society away from religious orientation in order to make it more worldly and less influenced by religion?
What is another word used for bishops?
what are the writings by the bishop that offer instructions, advice, or direction to the people of his diocese?
teach (preach) , govern, sanctify
what are the three tasks of the office of bishops?
its literally meaning is "from the chair"
what refers to how the Church will always teach the Gospel without error
what is a central truth of the faith?d
what is a simply logically sorted statement of beliefs?
refers to how the pope and the bishops are preserved from error when proclaiming a doctrine related to Christian faith or morals
1. attend mass on Sunday's and Holydays of obligation
2. receive reconciliation once a year
3. Receive the Eucharist once a year (at Easter)
4. help provide for the needs of others
5. observe fasting and abstinence of the Church
what are the five precepts of the Catholic Church?
analogy of Faith
what is the understanding that every individual statement of belief must be viewed in the context of the entire body of faith?
which sense of scripture refers to what is signified by the words?
contemplation is a form of prayer that is wordless ; mediation is an active intellect working
what is the difference between contemplation and meditation?
Bishops, priests, and deacons
what is the visible hierarchy of the church composed of?
what is the other term for a priest?
what is the other term for a deacon?
issues that affect the whole world and the Church
what issues do the bishops discuss when they meet?
what is composed of all the faithful through the sacraments of baptism and confirmation?
what is the term for the Church's best efforts at evangelization of people who have not heard or have not accepted the Gospel?
what are the ways that Catholics participate in the saving mission of Christ through different roles and functions in the Church?
What is saying one thing and acting in another way
what is the proper use of the gifts God has given to us?
what is the principle that says that no community of higher order should do what can be done equally well or better by a community of a lower order?
what is a political and economic system based on common ownership and central regulation of productive economic resources?
The Church does not pick one or support one economic system and say that it is the best 100%
What is the Catholic Church's belief about the economy?
Transformation of society
What is the Church's purpose and mission (societal means)
what is the bringing of the Good News of Jesus Christ to others through words and actions?
What must be at the heart of any social program?
Pope Leo XIII
Which pope's encyclicals began the Catholic Social teaching, Rerum Novarum?
What is the process of education of the faith?
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