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Columbian Exchange & Triangular Trade
Terms in this set (19)
The global exchange of people, animals, goods, natural resources, technology, ideas, and diseases between the Old and New World that begun after the Age of Exploration.
Europe, Africa, and Asia.
North America, South America, and the Caribbean Islands.
Triangular Trade Route
The Americas, Europe, and Africa.
The route from West Africa to the Americas (mainly the Caribbean Islands) in which most of the African slaves were traded.
What kind of adversity did the Africans face on the Middle Passage?
Cramped quarters, disease, being beaten and starved.
What was the traditional West African culture like?
A religion that had one main god, slavery, and primarily an agricultural society (farmers).
How was native African slavery different than slavery in the New World?
African slavery was not a permanent condition nor inherited, also there was an equal status between the masters and the slaves.
Born in 1745 in modern day Nigeria. At eleven years old he was kidnapped and sold into slavery. During enslavement he learned how to read and write also, he adopted Christianity. In his twenties he purchased his freedom in which he then moved to London, where he worked to abolish slavery. (He wrote an autobiography about his life).
What happened to the European population as a result of the Columbian Exchange?
The population increased because of new foods that were brought back to Europe from the Americas. (By planting potatoes instead of grain four times the amount of people could live off the same amount of land).
What happened to the Native American population as a result of the Columbian Exchange?
The population decreased 50-90% because of diseases.
What was traded on the Middle Passage?
Slaves from West Africa
Name two products provided by the Americas on the Triangular Trade Route?
Lumber and Tobacco
Name two negatives of the Columbian Exchange.
Deadly diseases spread, there was an introduction of destructive animals to the New World (pigs ate the natives' crops), and slaves were kidnapped.
Name two positives of the Columbian Exchange.
The Old World got new foods/resources and land. The New World got domesticated animals including, horses and cattle.
How did the importance of crops like sugar and tobacco affect the Columbian Exchange?
When these goods became popular they imported African slaves to do the labor of farming these resources.
What types of things were traded from the Old World to the New World?
Domesticated animals- horses, cattle, sheep, ext.
Slaves from West Africa
What types of things were traded from the New World to the Old World?
Food- fish, chili, potatoes, tomatoes, corn, pumpkins, and squash.
Diseases- syphilis- a deadly bacterial infection
To which parts of the world did most of the African slaves get transported to?
The Caribbean Islands and Brazil/ Portuguese South America.
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