24 terms

psychological disorders

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psychological disorder
deviant distressful and dysfunctional pattern of thoughts feelings and actions
medical model
the concept that diseases in this case psychological disorders have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated and in most case cured often through treatment in a hospital.
dsm-iv-tr
the america's psychiatric association's (Diagnostic and statistical Manual of Mental disorders Fourth edition texted revised) a widely used system for classifying psychological disorder.
anxiety disorder
psychological disorder characterized by distressing persisting anxiety or maladaptive that reduce anxiety
generalized anxiety disorder
an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tenseo apprehensive and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain choking or other frightening sensations
phobia
an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent irrational fear and avoidance of specific object activity or situation
obsessive-compulsive disorder (ocd)
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)
post-traumatic stress disorder (ptsd)
an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experiences.
post- traumatic growth
positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises
somatoform disorder
psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (bodily) without apparent physical cause.
conversion disorder
a rare somatoform disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physical symptoms physiological basis can be found
hypochondriasis
a somatoform disorder in which a person interprets in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
dissociative disorder
disorder in which conscious awareness become separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings.
dissociative identity disorder (did)
a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternative personalities. formerly caalled multiple personality disorder.
mood disorder
psychological disorders characterized by emotional extreme
major depressive disorder.
a mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of significally depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness and diminished interest of pleasure in most activities
mania
a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
bipolar disorder
a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.
schizophrenia
a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
psychotic disorder
a psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptions
delusions
false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur that may accompany psychotic disorders
personality disorders
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
antisocial personality disorder
a personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrong doing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist