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7 Heroes of the Roman Republic
Study Roman Heroes.
Terms in this set (7)
Cocles guarded the Pons Sublicus. Romans ditched, but Cocles remained and cut down the bridge, swimming to safety. He was given a statue, heroic status, and as much land as he could plow in a day.
Gaius Mucius Scaevola
Porsenna besieged Rome instead, and it actually started working. So Mucius presented a plan to the senate to go assassinate Porsenna at his camp. Senate approved. Mucius went to the camp, but didn't know who was Porsenna due to lack of recon so he killed a secretary instead. He was caught, brought before Porsenna. Mucius scared Porsenna, then, to demonstrate his loyalty to Rome and his courage, thrust his hand into flames, while standing there cooly. Porsenna was flabbergasted and in return decided to release the brave man. Mucius revealed that 300 more assassins would come to kill Porsenna, then waved goodbye. Porsenna gor even more scared and offered peace in exchange for young girls as hostages.
Cloelia, one of the hostages, tricked her guards and led her pack of girls through the Tiber and back home to Rome, safely. Porsenna was angry at her insolence and demanded Cloelia's return. However he was a bit respectful at her courage so wanted to make a pact of honor--Rome gives him Cloelia, no one else, and then he would give Cloelia back to Rome. The Romans did that, and Porsenna made true to his promise as well.
Lucius Iunius Brutus(Not the one who killed Caesar)
Led the people of Rome in revolt against the corrupt king Tarquin. Although noble for his revolt against the king, he also had personal reasons for the revolt. His brother was caught up in the kings plots and was murdered. And not only that, but his fathers wealth had been illegally seized by Tarquin. So, flared by his rage, Brutus took advantage of the King's son's blunder with the rape of a woman of nobility, he led the nobility of Rome against Tarquin. Upon his success, a consulship was established and the republic restored.
Consul Publius Valerius (Publicola-people's friend)
Publius was a consul of the Roman Republic following the exile of Tarquin. A war with the Sabines sprang up and he led and army alongside his brother against them. He befriended one of the Sabine tribes, which later became the Claudian Ancestors. He crushed the Sabines. His death was extremely honored. He was given many rights and buried within the city walls
Caius Marcius Coriolanus
The story goes that Coriolanus was defeated in his bid to get elected consul. This was largely so because he had opposed the creation of the office of Tribune of the People after the 'Conflict of the Orders'. Coriolanus, however, was a man to bear grudges. When during a famine grain was shipped from Sicily, he proposed that it only be distributed to the plebeians once they had forfeited their right of representation by the Tribunes.
The suggestion outraged Rome. His fellow senators would not agree to starve their own people for political gain.
Instead the grain was distributed without condition and Coriolanus was charged with treason by the Tribunes. It was his record as a war hero in the war with the Volscians which saved Coriolanus from death, though he was exiled from Rome (491 BC).
Coriolanus' skills as a military commander now attracted the attention of his old enemy, the Volscians.
The talented Coriolanus soon defeated the Roman army besieging Rome itself. The Romans sent delegations, including his wife and mother to beseeching him to lift the siege.
Finally, Coriolanus did retire his army. Coriolanus never returned again.
Titus Quinctius Capitolinus Barbatus
In 471 BC the consulship was shared between Appius Claudius (we are not sure if this was in fact the original Attus Clausus, or his son) and the impressive Titus Quinctius Capitolinus Barbatus. The former carried on in much the same vein as Coriolanus and many proud and arrogant patricians, whereas the latter tried to steady the ship of state at a tumultuous time. When Claudius was provoking the crowds in the forum with an arrogant speech, it fell to his consular colleague Capitolinus to order him removed from the forum by force before a riot ensued. Capitolinus was widely trusted and respected. This popularity showed at the ballot box. He was already re-elected consul by 468 BC. Rome desperately needed the steady, calm nerve of Capitolinus. The war with the Volscians and Aequians continued and Rome was in ferment. The city was growing at a startling rate. The men of voting age now numbered no fewer than 104,000. These were volatile, unpredictable times.
One day a wild rumour circulated that a Volscian army had evaded the legions and was marching on the undefended capital. Panic gripped the city. Once more it was Capitolinus who calmed the people, urging them to wait until it could be confirmed if the story were true or not. It wasn't. In 460 BC such was the chaos in the city that a Sabine called Herdonius, leading a party of slaves and exiles captured and occupied the Capitol. Consul Valerius lost his life retaking the Rome's most prestigious hill. His replacement was one Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus, whose name should come to be the embodiment of republican virtues to all Romans (and not merely to Romans, as the US city of Cincinnati illustrates). Cincinnatus was a patrician and opposed to greater rights for the plebs. He used his consular office to block legislation put forward by the tribunes of the people in favour of the plebeians. However, for the next year his political opponents proposed the very same tribunes as candidates for office to see the legislation forced through regardless. The senate, outraged at such selfish behaviour immediately nominated Cincinnatus to take the office of consul again, in order to maintain the stalemate. Cincinnatus refused the honour. He made it quite clear that he had no intention of breaking the rules of office and standing in successive years, albeit that his opponents were cheating. May they be disgraced, but no he. All Rome was impressed. When an army under the command of Furius became trapped in Aequian territory Capitolinus, no sooner had the news reached him, gathered up what soldiers he could, called upon the allied Hernicians for support and marched on them.
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