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Ch. 17 Quiz question

The Urinary System
STUDY
PLAY
The innermost layer of the kidney is called the _____.
Renal pelvis
The outermost layer of the kidney is called the ______.
Renal Cortex
Anything that will affect reabsorption and secretion in the kidney will affect urine _______.
Chemistry
________ is made by the hypothalamus and secreted from the posterior pituitary when blood pressure decreases or blood ionic concentration increases.
Antidurectic hormone; ADH
Which of the following structures drains into the collecting ducts?
Distal convoluted tubule
Which steroid is secreted by the adrenal cortex to increase reabsorption of sodium ions?
Aldosterone
The tube that carries the urine out of the body is called the _______.
Urethra
Nephropathy is a term for kidney disease especially when there is damage to the nephron's ______ apparatus.
Filtering
Blood flows from the glomerulus into the _______ arteriole
Efferent
The kidney are covered by a layer of connective tissue called the ________.
Renal capsule
Blood flows to the glomerulus via the _________ arteriole
Afferent
Bowman's capsule, the renal membrane that surrounds the glomerulus, is called the ______ .
Glomerular capsule
Which of the following is considered the first segment of the renal tubules ?
Proximal convoluted tubule
Which of the following statements is untrue of the kidneys?
The right kidney is slightly higher than the left kidney
Which of the following is not a function of the urinary system ?
All of the above are functions of the urinary system.
Urinary tract infections are often by _______ bacteria in the urinary tract
Fecal
Even though this structure is part of the circulatory system, it is included in the discussion of the urinary system.
Glomerulus
The patient with diabetes insipidus will have copious amounts of _______ urine
Dilute
The space inside the kidney is called the renal ____
Sinus
Blood leaves the kidney is called the ______.
Renal vein
This condition is caused by chronic hyperglycemia
Polycystic kidney disease
This hormone would tend to increase the amount of urine produced.
Atrial natriuretic hormone
Substances that are reabsorbed or secreted in the ascending loop include ___________.
A. Chloride
B. Sodium
C. Potassium
The answer is D. All of the above
This hormone would tend to decrease the amount of urine produced
Aldosterone and Antidureti
One of the most important risk factors for kidney disease is ________,
Hypertension
Painful urination, urinary frequency, nighttime urination, and foul smelling, cloudy urine are symptoms of ________.
Urinary tract infection
Kidney stones can be caused by any of the following except _____.
Potassium
Diabetic ________ is a type of kidney disease caused by diabetes mellitus .
Nephropathy
What are the three processes necessary for the formation of urine ?
Filtration, reabsorption, and secretion
The glomerulus is protected from minor changes in blood pressure by a mechanism called _______
Autoregulation
Urine leaves the kidney through the _____.
Ureters
It is uncommon for trauma patients to _______ a trauma
Survive
______ moves fluid and chemicals into the nephron.
Filtration
Which part of the renal tubular system reabsorbs or secretes the most substance
Proximal Tubule
Frequent urination without pain of infection is a symptom of _______.
An overactive bladder
Which of the following is not a function of the urinary system?
a. Maintaining the proper electrolyte balance in the blood
b. Maintaining the proper pH level of the blood
c. Removing waste products from the blood
the answer is D. All of the above are functions of the urinary system
The process by which most of the material in the nephron moves back into the blood is called ______
Reabsorption
The first section of the nephron loop glomerular filtrate encounters is the ___________.
Descending Loop
PKD stands for _______ disease
Polycystic kidney
________ is the inability to control urination
Urinary incontinence
What are the vessels that lead to the glomeruli?
Afferent arteries
This condition is caused by chronic hyperglycemia
Diabetic nephropathy
The juxtaglomerular apparatus of the kidney release a hormone _______
That causes vasoconstriction
The _____ is the functional unit of the kidney
Nephron
Copious, dilute urine is a symptom of ______.
Diabetes insipidus
Even though this structure is part of the circulary system, it is included in the discussion of the urinary system.
Glomerulus
New research has shown that urination is actually controlled by the __________
Pons