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Exam 1 p.2
Key points/ Objectives
Terms in this set (32)
The most important properties of an ideal drug are...
effectiveness, safety and selectivity
If a drug is not effective...
it should not be used
Drugs have both
benefits and risks
There is no such thing as a......
wholly selective drug: all drugs can have side effects
The objective of drug therapy is
to provide maximum benefit with minimal harm
Because all patients are unique......
drug therapy must be tailored to each individual
Nursing responsibilities with regards to drugs...
extend far beyond the Rights of Drug Administration
You are the patient's....
last line of defense against medication errors
By applying your knowledge of pharmacology...
you will make a large contribution to achieving the therapeutic objective of maximum benefit with minimum harm
Application of the nursing process in drug therapy is...
directed at individualizing treatment, which is critical to achieving the therapeutic objective
The goal of preadministration is to gather data needed for...
Evaluation of therapeutic and adverse effects
Identification of high-risk patients
Assessment of the patient's capacity for self-care
The analysis of diagnosis phase of treatment is directed at...
Judging the appropriateness of the prescribed therapy
Identifying potential health problems treatment might cause
Characterizing the patient's capacity for self-care
Planning os directed at...
Establishing criteria for evaluating success
In the evaluation stage the objective is to evaluate...
Adverse reactions and interactions
Patient satisfaction with treatment
The Food Drug and Cosmetic Act of 1938...
Was the first legislation to regulate drug safety
The Harris-Kefauver Amendments, passed in 1962,....
were the first legislation to demand that drugs actually be of some benefit
The Controlled Substance Act passed in 1970....
set the rules for the manufacture and distribution of drugs considered to have potential for abuse
The FDA Amendments Act passed in 2007...
expanded the mission to include rigorous oversight of drug safety after a drug has been released for marketing.
The Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016....
provides funding to combat a nationwide opioid epidemic by addressing the crisis from multiple approaches
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)....
Identifies drugs that are hazardous for handling and provides instructions for use of protective equipment and environmental controls to protect nurses and other health care workers from harm due to exposure
Development of a new drug...
is very expensive process that can take years to complete
The randomized control trial...
is the most reliable way to objectively assess drug efficacy and safety
Clinical Trials occur in 4 phases...
The first 3 are done before a new drug is marketed. The last is done following FDA approval for marketing
Drug testing in Phase II and Phase III....
clinical trials is limited to relatively small number of patients, most of whom take the drug for a relatively short time.
Because women and children have been excluded from drug trials in the past...
our understanding of drug efficacy and safety in these groups is limited for many drugs
When a new drug is released for general use...
it may well have adverse effects that have not yet been been detected. Consequently, when working with a new drug, you should be especially watchful for previously unreported adverse events.
Drugs have 3 types of names
nonproprietary and proprietary
Each drug has only one generic name but....
can have many different brand names
With OTC products...
The same brand name may be used for more than drug
Brand names for the same drug may...
differ from one country to another
Generic names facilitate communication....
better than brand names, which are potentially confusing
OTC drugs are...
drugs that can be purchased without a prescription
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