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22 terms

2.3-Metabolism & Cellular Respiration & Photosynthesis

STUDY
PLAY
allo-
different
(allosteric site: a specific receptor site on some part of an enzyme molecule remote from the active site)
ana-
up
(anabolic pathway: a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones)
bio-
life
(bioenergetics: the study of how organisms manage their energy source)
cata-
down
(catabolic pathway: a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpler ones)
endo-
within
(endergonic reaction: a reaction that absorbs free energy from its surroundings)
ex-
out
(exergonic reaction: a reaction that proceeds with a net release of free energy)
kinet-
movement
(kinetic energy: the energy of motion)
therm-
heat
(thermodynamics: the study of the energy transformations that occsu in a collection matter)
aero-
air
(aerobic: chemical reaction using oxygen)
an-
not
(anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
chemi-
chemical
(chemiosmosis: the production of ATP using the energy of hydrogen ion gradients across membranes to phosphorylate ADP)
glyco-
sweet
(glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
-lysis
split
(glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
auto-
self
(autotroph: an organism that obtains organic food molecules without eating other organisms)
-troph
food
(autotroph: an organism that obtains organic food molecules without eating other organisms)
chloro-
green
(chlorophyll: photosynthesis pigment in chloroplasts)
-phyll
leaf
(chlorophyll: photosynthesis pigment in chloroplasts)
electro-
electricity
(electromagnetic spectrum: the entire spectrum of radiation)
magnet-
magnetic
(electromagnetic spectrum: the entire spectrum of radiation)
hetero-
other
(heterotroph: an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating other organisms or their by-products)
meso-
middle
(mesophyll: the green tissue in the middle, inside of the leaf)
photo-
light
(photosystem: cluster of pigment molecules)