59 terms

Medical Transcription Ch6 Dalton

crowding or clustering together
less sharp; dull
cesarean section
delivery of a fetus by making an incision in the abdominal wall and uterus
a practitioner of chiropractic, a conservative science of applied neurophysiology: chiropractic theory is that irritation of the nervous system is the cause of disease
Cloward saddle
surgical equipment in which a patient is placed for back surgery, trade name
contrast medium
any substance administered internally that has a different opacity from soft tissue, allowing visualization of structures on radiography or CT
having a surface that is rounded and somewhat elevated
curette or curet
spoon-shaped surgical instrument for removing tissue from a cavity wall or other bodily surface
trade name for drug used to treat mild to moderate pain
denies x3
used in the Social History to refer to the fact the patient denies the use of alcohol, tobacco, or illicit drugs
made up of separate and distinct parts or defined by lesions that do not become unified
removal of an intervertebral disk
drug used as a vasoconstrictor, cardiac stimulant, and bronchodilator, generic name
to worsen or make more severe
facet arthropathy
disease or abnormality of the joints (facet joints) of the vertebrae
trade name for drug used to treat muscle spasm
focal degeneration
main area or center of deterioration
a powerful disinfectant gas, used in water as a fluid to preserve tissue removed at surgery for pathologic evaluation; same as formaldehyde
Gelfoam sponge
trade name for absorbable gelatin sponge; sterile, they are used in surgery to stop the flow of blood
low area, trough, or groove (posterior gutter: area deep and low in the chest where fluid accumulates when in the erect position)
herniated disk
rupture of the intervertebral disk cartilage, allowing contents to protrude through it, putting pressure on the spinal nerve roots; can cause pain
ICD Code 540.9
the diagnosis code for necrotizing acute appendicitis
abbreviation for id est (that is)
periodically stopping and starting again at separated intervals
located between two adjoining vertebrae
trade name for an antibiotic
2+ knee and ankle jerks
this phrase refers to the sudden reflex or involuntary movements made when the examiner uses a rubber hammer to tap the reflex points of the knees and ankles; part of the neurologic exam: in this case they are graded as 2+, which means average or normal
lumbar spine; denotes disk space between the 1st and 2nd lumbar vertebrae
lumbar spine; denotes disk space between the 2nd and 3rd lumbar vertebrae
lumbar spine; denotes disk space between the 3rd and 4th lumbar vertebrae
lumbar spine; denotes disk space between the 4th and 5th lumbar vertebrae
lumbar spine and sacral spine; denotes space between 5th lumbar vertebrae and 1st sacral vertebra
part of the back of the bony arch of each vertebra
removal of a lamina
lateral recess syndrome
in spinal anatomy, the lateral recess is within the spinal canal; narrowing of the lateral recess causes compression of the nerve roots, which causes pain in the back and legs and difficulty walking
ligamentum flavum
band of yellow elastic tissue that assists in maintaining or regaining the erect position between 2 adjoining vertebrae (sometimes called yellow ligament)
light touch
when an examiner lightly strokes a part of the body, such as the extremities, to determine the patient's ability to feel; used in evaluation of the central nervous system
pertaining to the lumbar region of the spine and the sacrum; low back and pelvis
the record produced by an x-ray of the spinal cord obtained after injection of dye into the spinal canal
nipple retraction
the inward displacement of the nipple below the level of the surrounding breast tissue
trade name for a drug used to treat muscle spasms
Pap smear
a smear of cells taken from the vagina or cervix to be studied for evidence of cancer; named for Dr. George N. Papanicolaou, 1883 to 1962
when the examiner actually pricks a patient's skin with a sharp point to determine feeling; part of the evaluation of the central nervous system
a serous membrane lining the thoracic or pleural cavity
lying face downward
radicular pain
pain along an area of distribution of a specific nerve or nerves caused by pressure on the nerve root; pain may be felt in the low back or legs or, in cervical radicular pain, in one or both arms
a surgical instrument used for cutting tough tissue, such as bone
S1 root
nerve root exiting from the spinal cord and passing through the vertebra of the sacral spine, 1st vertebra
the sacral and iliac spines— where they join, with associated ligaments
in physical examination of the abdomen, the abdominal wall has a concave, or sunken, contour
a sideways deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine (S-shaped spine)
abbreviation for surgical intensive care umit (sometimes dictated "sic-u")
small projecting outgrowths from any structure; most often pertaining to bony outgrowths
straight-leg raising or straight leg raising
the examiner observes the patient's ability to raise the legs; part of the evaluation of the central nervous system
subarachnoid space
space between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater, 2 of the layers of membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord
Tylenol with codeine
brand name anti-inflammatory pain reliever with narcotic taken for relief of moderate to severe pain
brand name antibiotic-impregnated transparent plastic sheet used in surgery to cover area surrounding the surgical field