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social studies quiz
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How do you think merchants overcame this harsh environment to establish trade routes across the desert?
I think merchants overcame the harsh environment to establish trade across the desert by using trade routes and camels to carry goods.
Why was traveling across the Sahara Desert a challenge for merchants
Traveling across the Sahara desert was a child because the temperature could go up to 120 degrees, not a large supply of water and it was a 40 day journey.
What specific adaptations do camels have that allow them to survive in this environment?
Specific adaptaptaions that camels have are a hump that stores up to 80 pounds of fat, can travel up to 100 miles without water, they also rarely sweat.
How did the use of camels make trade and travel across the Sahara easier?
The use of camels made trade easier since they can hold things on their back, so it was less heavy for the merchant and the merchant also does not have to do all the walking.
two main resources in trans saharan trade route
gold and salt
Identify at least two cities mentioned in the map or in the video that benefited from this trade network.
Two cities that benefits from this trade network were murzuk and timbuktu, and tripoli.
According to the map, what else was shared via this trade network
In this trade network the religion of islam was shared.
why salt was such a valuable resource
Essential to the function of the body-our heart could stop without salt, blood pressure drops.
Used to preserve food-meat went bad without it.
Based on our lessons from earlier this week, what made the West African Empires so prosperous?
The West Adrican empires become so prosperous from the trans saharan trade routes and the exchange of salt and gold
How does the Swedish explorer describe the city of Timbuktu?
The swedish explorer describes Timbuktu as having a web that is composed of all the routes which start from the coast and converge on Timbuktu.
What products are available to the people of Timbuktu?
Products that are available are cloth, powder, paper, tools, hardware, sugar, coffee, etc.
According to the document, why was the Egyptian official impressed with Mansa Musa?
The egypitan official was impressed with mansa musa because of his generosity and how many people received a sum of gold from him.
Did Mansa Musa have a positive or negative impact on the economy in Cairo? Explain.
Mansa munsa had a negative impact on the economy in Cairo since the gold exchange decreased in its value causing its price to fall.
What evidence from the reading suggests Mansa Musa had a strong devotion to Islam?
Evidence from the reading suggests mansa munsa had a strong devotion to islam since he ordered a mosque to be built when he rested on Fridays.
Provide one example of cultural diffusion from this document.
One example of cultural diffusion from this document is being introduced to a new mud construction technique. And bringing back muslim scholars and architects.
The kingdom of Axum profited from the strategic location of its two main cities, the port of Adulis on the Red Sea and the uplant capital city of Axum. The kingdom commanded a triangular trade network that connected africa, india, and the mediterranean world. A great variety of goods and enslaved people funneled in and out of the markets of these two cities. Ad elsewhere, ideas spread sling with goods. By the 300s, Christanity had reached the region. In the 600s, however, Islam began spreading.
East African City-State
A string of commercial cities including Kilwa, Mogadishu, Mombasa and Sofala gradually rose along the East African coast after Axum's decline. Port cities as well as offshore lands such as Lamu and Zanzibar were ideally located for trade with Asia. Traders acquired ivory, leopard skins, iron, copper, and gold from the interior of Africa. Trade was no only beneficial to the merchants; it also helped local rulers build strong, independent city states. The successful East African international trade system led to the emergence of a vibrant culture and a new language both known was Swahili.
The wealth of Kilwa depended on trade in timber, ivory and other goods from the interior of africa which were then exchanged with merchandise from Arabia, and India and East Asia. Goods from China like jewlery, glass, and cloth flowed in to the continent. The wealth brought in by the gold trade meant that Kilwa minted its own coins and the wealth of Kilwa was legendary.
Malandi was another trading city of the Swahili coast. The wealthy merchants lived inside the walls in stone houses. Surrounding this city were large plantations that had fruits, coconut palm trees, and vegetables and had slaves and ivory exported.
Why did Ibn leave his hometown of Tangier?
Ibn left his hometown of Tangier because he wanted to learn more about other cultures and have a pilgrimage to Mecca
What made Tunis an attractive destination for Ibn
Tunis was an attractive destination for Ibn since it was a wealthy port and great center of learning that contained the AlZaytuna mosque which was a university that graduated many muslim scholars
Based on our previous lessons, what was the significance of Baghdad within the Muslim world?
Baghdad was so significant since it was located in ancient mesopotamia and the capital of the abbasid caliphate which experienced a golden age.
What made Mogadishu an attractive destination for Ibn?
Mogadishu was an attractive destination for Ibn since it was the most prosperous port in all of East Africa with many merchants and contained sites such as Arba's Rukun Mosques and Fakr ad-DIn
Ibn spent eight years in Delhi. Why did he leave?
Ibn left Dehli because he feared for his life because the Sultan appointed him ambassador of China
Based on our prior lessons, how did Timbuktu become a center of learning and prosperity?
Timbuktu became a center of learning and prosperity since it contained the Sankore Mosque where many muslim merchants visited and gave books from around the world.
How did Marco's upbringing in Venice give him an opportunity to become an explorer?
His upbringing in Venice gave him an opportunity to become an explorer because his uncle and father travled on the silk roads to asia and he had the opportunity to go to the expedition. Family ties to explorers.
What challenges did Marco Polo face while travelling to China?
Challenges Maro polo had to face while travelling to china was having to carry everything he needed by himself . no food or resources he could rely on.
similiarites between explorers
Both of these men were travelers
Both spread culture and ideas
Both of their actions contributed to more travel and contact between distant lands
Began travels at a young age
Had their travels recorded
Both curious of the world around them
differences between explorers
Ibn was born in Morocco
Marco Polo was born in Venice Italy
Ibn buttatua was muslim
Marco Polo was roman catholic
Ibn buttata travled for religious purposes to see Mecca and to find the best teachers and libraries
Marco polo had family ties to explorers
What bias does Abu'l Raihan al-Biruni show in his account of Mahmud's conquests
The bias Abu'l Raihan al-Biruni showed in his account of Mahmud's conquests since he is muslim himself so he wants the religion to be spread
Base on what you know about Hinduism, why would this group strongly oppose Islam?
Hindiusm would strongly oppose Islam because islam does not have social classes so the aristocrats would no longer be royal anymore
What religious impact did the Delhi Sultanate have on India?
The religious impact the delhi sultanate have on india was encouraging people to practice islam, placed taxes if they did not
What cultural impact did the Delhi Sultanate have on India?
The cultural impact was it brought in leasting monuments in architecture, music, literature and new language of hirdu.
What political impact did the Delhi Sultanate have on India?
The political impact the delhi sultanate had on india was having cordial relations with other muslim rulers and based theirs laws on the Qur'an. Maintain independence from other muslim kingdoms.
How did the Delhi Sultanate come to an end?
The delhi sultanate came to an end since a turkish muslim named timur invaded and sacked dehli
, where did the Ottoman Empire begin?
The ottoman empire began in present day turkey, (asia minor)
Identify at least TWO regions or modern day countries that were conquered by the Ottomans.
Two modern day countries that were conquered by the ottomans are greece and egypt.
What message do you think the ottoman conquest of the Byzantine Empire sent to the rest of Europe
The message the conquest sent to the rest of europe that the ottoman empire was now the one in control, the balance of power has shifted. Non-christian muslim empire
why were the Ottomans determined to conquer Constantinople?
The ottomans were determined to conquer constantinople because it was the largest metropolis in the whole world and the fact that the christian relics were made of solid gold and silver.
describe at least three reasons why
the Conquest of Constantinople is considered an historical turning point.
The conquest of constantinoplemarked the end od the byzantine empire, end of middle ages.
The victory by the muslim ottoman empire also threatened the dominance of christanity in the region as the ottoman came to to control one of the most important cities.
Constaniople became the capital of the ottoman empire.
Based on the passage, identify three things that Suleiman did to gain or maintain power.
Three things that suleiman did to gain/maintain his power by creating a legal code the covered criminal law, land tenure, and taxation, potected jewish subjects from persucution, and created schools for muslim boys.
What were millets?
Millets were legally protected religious minority like jewish or christian people who set their own laws and collected and distributed their own taxes.
How do you think this system could have helped Suleiman maintain power?
This system could have helped Suleiman maintain power since it established religious freedom which would be favorful for the people of the empire.
loyal soldier men
identify three regions, cities, or modern day countries that Suleiman conquered during his reign.
Baghdad, Alexandria, and Constantinople.
describe the Sunni/Shi'a split.
The shiites believes the caliph should be a descendent from muhammad and Sunnis believed the caliph should be popularly elected.
Describe the rivalry between the Ottomans and Safavids.
The rivalry between the ottomans and the safavids was because the ottomans were sunnis and the safavids were shittes.
similarities between ottoman and Safavids
Both have turkic orgins and spoke turkish
Both muslim empires
Both use jannasaires to contol the empire
Both experienced decline during the 17th century
differences between ottomans and Safavids
Ottoman empire sided with the sunni and the safavid sided with the shia
Ottomans invaded christian terriotories while safavuds focus on conquering muslims
Akbar is considered by some to be one of the greatest leaders of all time. Based on this reading, why do you think that is?
I think he considered one of the greatest leaders because he was able to find favor with all of his people, fair ruler, ends the tax, his many military conquests, try to start a new religion and promoted religious tolerance.
The Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire was founded in 1526 and officially lasted until 1857 (although the empire had been in decline for over a century at that point). Using new weaponry, the Mughals swept into India and easily defeated the ailing Delhi Sultanate
Ruler of mali empire 1312-1337
One of the richest people in history
Travelled along silk roads across Europe
Mahmud of ghazni
Eleventh century-afghan warlords invade india
-desotry hindu and buddhist temples, introduce islam
12th century, muslim delhi sultanate is established
Muslim kingdom in india
-Mostly in northern region
islam on indian subcontienent
-Nation of pakistan
founder of the ottoman empire
-conquers areas in asia minor near byzantine empire
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