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What are the different types of autonomy?
Emotional, behavioral, cognitive
Parenting and autonomy
Authrative is the best
- the study of moral reasoning is grounded in Piaget's theory of cognitive development.
o preconventional moral reasoning, which is dominant during most of childhood; characterized by reference to external and physical events. (tangible rewards and punishments)
o conventional moral reasoning The second level of moral development, which occurs during late childhood and early adolescence and is characterized by reasoning that is based on the rules and conventions of society. (how an individual's behavior will be judged by others.)
o postconventional moral reasoning The level of moral reasoning during which society's rules and conventions are seen as relative and subjective rather than as authoritative; also called principled moral reasoning.
The establishment of more adultlike and less childish close relationships with family members and peers
o 1ST older adolescents do not generally rush to their parents when they are upset, worried, or in need of assistance.
o 2nd they do not see their parents as all-knowing or all- powerful.
o 3rd they often have a great deal of emotional energy wrapped up in relationships outside the family; they may feel more attached to a boyfriend or girlfriend than to their parents.
o 4th finally, older adolescents are able to see and interact with their parents as people—not just as their parents.
- The capacity to make independent decisions and to follow through with them.
o is seen both inside and outside the family, in relationships with peers as well as parents.
o adolescents become more likely to consider both the risks and benefits associated with the decisions they make and more likely to weigh the long-term consequences of their choices, not just the immediate ones
o 1st Improvements in Self-Regulation
§ In fact, adolescents are just as consciously aware as adults of the potential rewards and costs of a decision—they are just influenced more by the anticipated rewards
o 2nd individuals' ability to control their impulses
- cognitive autonomy
The establishment of an independent set of values, opinions, and beliefs.
§ adolescents become increasingly abstract in the way they think about moral, political, and religious issues. This leads to more complicated decisions about how to act when one's beliefs about one issue conflict with one's beliefs about another.
§ Second, during adolescence, beliefs become increasingly rooted in general principles.
§ Finally, beliefs become increasingly founded in the young person's own values, not merely in a system of values passed on by parents or other authority figures.
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