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Terms in this set (5)
What is linked to student achievement?
o Fear of failure can interfere with successful performance
- underachievers Individuals whose actual school performance is lower than what would be expected on the basis of objective measures of their aptitude or intelligence.
- self-handicapping Deliberately behaving in ways that will likely interfere with doing well, in order to have an excuse for failing. (males lack of effort, girls emotional)
- mastery motivation (similar to intrinsic motivation)
performance motivation (similar to extrinsic motivation
o task difficulty
What is the stereotype threat effect?
- stereotype threat The harmful effect that exposure to stereotypes about ethnic or sex differences in ability has on student performance.
- (for example, before the test is administered, students are told that previous studies have shown that members of their ethnic group do not score as well as other students), their performance actually suffers,
- their achievement may be enhanced or depressed, depending on how they think they are expected to perform
- One possible reason for this is that stereotypes about sex differences in cognitive ability have weakened considerably.
How can parents help with their children's achievement?
- Parents influence adolescent achievement through three processes:
o their values and expectations
§ involvement are setting high standards for schoolwork,
§ structuring the home environment to support academic pursuits,
§ maintaining an active role in their child's education.
o the way they parent,
o quality of the home environment.
Authoritative parenting is linked
three factors interact to predict students' behavior in school:
o their mindset,
o whether they are oriented more toward performance or mastery,
o confident about their abilities (self-efficacy)
achievement concerns the development of
motives, capabilities, interests, and behavior that have to do with performance in evaluative situations.
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