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Scrivas Binder Medical Terminology
Terms in this set (195)
appearing troubled, nervous, upset
weakness and wasting of the body due to severe chronic illness
Requiring immediate medical intervention (patients in severe pain respiratory distress, or in toxic appearance)
Upset, unhappy irritable
Extremely irritable, not able to be comforted or soothed
Lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, and apathy.
No Acute Distress
Greatly reduced level of consciousness, arousing only with very strong stimulus
Oriented to time, place and person
altered state of consciousness after a seizure
Ant front flat
Anterior fontanel flat (used in pediatrics for children under 18 months of age)
Of, or relating to the forehead.
The most posterior aspect of the scalp, behind the parietal and temporal areas.
Relating to, or situated near the side and top of the skull.
Of, or relating to, occurring in, or being the tissues around the mouth
Of, relating occurring in, or being being the tissues surrounding or lining the orbit of the eye
Of, or relating to the temples or side of the skulls behind the orbits
the top of the head
the projecting part of the ear, the pinna
not readily seen
Hole/break in the TM caused by pressure that created a weak spot on the membrane.
Tympanic membrane which is the thin membrane that separates the outer ear canal from the middle ear.
A small tube inserted into the eardrum to keep the middle ear aerated for a prolonged period of time and prevent fluid accumulation in the middle ear.
The mucous membrane lining the inner surface of the eyelids and anterior part of the sclera.
symptoms of redness in the white sclera of the eye
extra-ocular movements intact
an accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells or intercellular tissues. Leads to swelling.
A test that uses a fluorescent dye placed on the eye to detect corneal injuries or foreign objects.
A protein-rich fluid, such as serum or pus that had leaked from blood vessels or been discharged by cells or tissues, usually due to damage or inflammation.
Ophthalmoscopic examination of the fundus or interior chamber of the eye through the pupil.
A accumulation of blood in the anterior chamber of the eye. It is usually caused by blunt eye trauma.
Reflexive adjustment to to the focal length of the lens of the eye to permit retinal focus of image of objects at varying distances.
Pupils Equally Round and Reactive to Light
An abnormal sensitivity to or intolerance of light
The tough white fibrous outer envelope of tissue covering all the eyeball except the cornea
Yellowing of the sclera, typical in liver disease, especially in hepatitis.
An abnormal or excessive accumulation of mucus and secretion in the air passage of the nose
swelling and irritation of the nasal mucosa
secretion of fluid containing mucus and pus due to infection and inflammation
Free discharge of a thin watery nasal fluid from the nasal mucous membranes, especially when excessive, as with allergy or infection.
Any of the three bony plates on the lateral wall of the nasal fossa on each side with or without their covering of mucous membranes, known as nasal concha.
Dry mucous membrane
Generalized decrease in normal lubrication of the mucous memebranes
vocalization marked by a deep, rough, harsh, or grating quality, indicating an inflammation of the throat and larynx.
"Hot potato voice"
defect of resonance producing vocalization sounding as if obstructed in some way
superficial reddening of the oropharynx as a result of injury, irritation or infection.
sign of bacterial tonsillitis
Inflammation of the tonsils due to viral or bacterial infection
abnormally enlarged tonsillar tissue.
a lesion through the skin or a mucous membrane resulting from loss of tissue, usually associated imflammation.
A fleshy extension at the back of the palate that hangs above the throat. Abnormal if it deviates to right or left
a small circumscribed elevation of the epidermis containing a serous fluid, a small blister; commonly associated with viral pharyngitis.
Right upper extremity
Left upper extremity
Right lower extremity
Left lower extremity
Sigh that is characterized by a peculiar crackling, crinkly, or grating feeling or sound under the skin or in the joints.
disarrangement of the normal relation of the bones at a joint in which there is complete loss of contact between the two articular surface.
Complete or incomplete break in a bone resulting from the application of force.
Manner or style of walking, usually done by observing the individual walking naturally in a straight line.
increased fluid in a synovial cavity of a joint
looseness of a limb or muscle
an involutary abnormally sustained and usually powerful contraction of a muscle
Regional anesthesia technique involving an injection of an anesthetic directly near-a nerve to block pain
all blood vessels and nerves are intact and pt. has pulses to the area and can move fingers/toes; NVI or NV intact
An injury to a ligament as a result of abnormal or excessive force applied to a joint, but without dislocation or fracture.
a injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma
A diagnostic sign for meningitis marked by involuntary bending of the knees and hips of a supine patient caused by lifting the head so the chin moves toward the chest.
Splinting device used to stabilize the neck.
Cervical spine. C1 through C7.
A diagnostic sign for meningitis marked by a loss of the ability of a supine patient to completely straighten the leg when it is fully flexed at the knee and hip.
Generic term for lymph node enlargement of any etiology, benign or malignant.
See Brudzinski's Sign, Kurnig's Sign, Nuchal Rigidity.
Impaired neck flexion resulting from muscle spasm (not actual rigidity) of the extensor muscles of the neck; usually attributed to meningeal irritation.
Able to bend and move easily and gracefully; flexible.
Enlargement of the thyroid gland, causing a swelling in the front part of the neck; also called a goiter or struma.
When pain is elicited by percussion of the area of the back overlying the kidneys.
Extreme curvature of the upper back; "hunchback".
Lumbar spine. L1 through L5.
Exaggerated forward curve of the lumbar spine.
Palpable "step off"
Defect between spinous processes, typically associated with spondylolisthesis
Flattening of the chest on either side with forward projection of the sternum; "pigeon chest".
Malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel-shaped depression with its apex over the lower end of the sternum.
A lateral curve in the spine, usually combined with a rotation of the vertebrae.
Thoracic spine. T1 through T12.
Variation from the normal rhythm of the heartbeat, encompassing abnormalities of rate, regularity, site of impulse origin, and sequence of activation.
Slow heart rate less than 60 per minute; can be a normal finding.
Measure of capillary bed perfusion; digital pressure is applied to the nail plate or distal pulp of a toe and the time in seconds is noted for the return of normal
Extra Heart Sounds
Gallops, Rubs, S3 and S4.
Sounds that occur during systole or diastole as a result of turbulent blood flow. Defined by quality, location and rated on a scale of 1-6.
Physical exam finding of systolic blood pressure decrease of at least 20 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure decrease of at least 10 mm Hg within three minutes of standing.
The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute; heart rate.
The normal regular rhythm of the heart set by the natural pacemaker of the heart, the sinoatrial node.
Abnormally rapid heart rate, usually taken to be over 100 beats per minute.
Accessory muscle use:
A sign indicative of labored breathing noted when muscles of the neck, back, and abdomen assist the diaphragm and the internal and external intercostal muscles in respiration.
Breath sounds are the noises produced by the structures of the lungs during breathing.
A tube inserted through the chest wall and into the pleural space or mediastinum to help drain air, blood or fluid so that normal pressures within the alveoli and the pleural cavity can be restored.
Decreased Breath Sounds
Reduction in volume of breath sounds; Diminished Breath sounds.
Loss of stability of the chest wall due to three or more ribs that are broken in two or more places as a result of a chest injury. The loose segment moves in a direction in the reverse of normal during respiration.
Insertion of a tube into the trachea through either the nose or mouth. Purposes include airway maintenance, aspiration of secretions, and lung ventilation; Intubation.
Intermittent outward movement of the nostrils with each inspiratory effort; indicates an increase in the work of breathing
A collection of air or other gas in the chest or pleural space that causes part or all of a lung to collapse.
Increase in the expiratory time in comparison to the inspiratory time
Small clicking, bubbling, or rattling sounds in the lungs. Heard during inhalation. Believed to occur when air opens closed air spaces. Can be further described as moist, dry, fine, and coarse.
A condition in which a patient is not able to get enough oxygen. Can be determined by signs of labored breathing, or hypoxemia.
A hollowing of tissue in the neck and intercostal spaces due to negative intrathoracic pressure, a classic sign of severe asthma
Sounds that resemble snoring. They occur when air is blocked or air flow becomes rough through the large airways.
High pitched wheeze-like sound heard during respiration. Due to a blockage of airflow in the trachea or in the back of the throat. Associated with croup, respiratory infection, and airway obstruction
An abnormally rapid rate of breathing (more than 20 breaths per minute in adults).
High-pitched whistling sounds produced by narrowed airways during respiration. Commonly associated with asthma and labored breathing
Outward expansion beyond the normal fifth of the stomach and waist due to substance such as air (gas) or fluid
The upper central region of the abdomen located within the sternal angle.
The regions located bilaterally along the sides between the ribs and the hip.
Physical exam finding of Involuntary abdominal muscle spasm significant for peritonitis, distinguished from voluntary guarding
Abnormal enlargement of the liver.
Of or relating to either of the lowest lateral regions of the abdomen; groin.
Protrusions of the abdominal cavity contents through an area of the abdominal wall in the inguinal area.
left lower quadrant
left upper quadrant
Around or near the umbilicus; "belly button".
Seen during the physical examination when the forehand is pressed firmly on the patient's abdomen and elicits tenderness upon release
right lower quadrant
right upper quadrant
Abnormally enlarged spleen.
Abdominal region inferior and central in location, below the umbilical region and between the two iliac regions; hypogastric or pelvic region.
Protrusion of abdominal contents through the abdominal wall at the umbilicus.
The pit in the center of the abdominal wall marking the point where the umbilical cord entered the fetus; "belly button", navel.
A circumscribed collection of fluid; especially, a painless swelling of the scrotum caused by fluid in the tunica vaginalis testis, the outermost covering of the testes.
A birth defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis or below the penis.
An emergency condition in which the foreskin of the penis, once retracted, cannot return to its original location.
A tightening of the foreskin of the penis where it may be unable to retracted to reveal the glans or can potentially close the opening of the penis.
An abnormal condition of a persistent, and often painful, penile erection that is drug induced, injury related, or caused by disease.
Enlargement of the scrotal sac that may be caused due to accumulation of fluid, inflammation or abnormal growth within the scrotum.
Twisting of the spermatic cord leading to a disruption of the blood supply to the testicles and nearby tissue in the scrotum.
The use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent pregnancy from occurring in a sexually active woman. (Contraception).
A part of the pelvic examination, in which two fingers of one hand are inserted in the vagina and the other hand gently palpates the uterus, cervix and adnexae, to evaluate pregnancy, cysts and/or masses in the ovaries.
Mechanical device inserted into the uterine cavity for the purpose of contraception.
Twisting of the ovary at its pedicle to such a degree as to occlude the ovarian artery and/or vein
Instrument for opening or distending a body orifice or cavity for visual inspection
Use of a speculum to locate the external cervical os. Examination for foreign bodies and cervical swabs are taken at this point in the exam.
Crack or slit in the mucous membrane of the anus, very painful and difficult to heal. May occur when you pass hard or large stools during a bowel movement.
Fecal Occult Blood:
Refers to blood in the feces that is not visibly apparent.
Passage of fresh blood through the anus, usually in or with stools.
Dilated veins in the walls of the anus and sometimes around the rectum, usually caused by untreated constipation but occasionally associated with chronic diarrhea.
Black "tarry" feces that are associated with upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
Altered Mental Status
Any state of awareness that differs from the normal mental status or awareness of conscious person
Inability to comprehend and/or formulate language as a result of injury/disease of the brain.
A law that allows for the involuntary institutionalization and examination of an individual if they are considered a danger to themselves or others due to suspected mental illness.
A form of movement marked by contractions and relaxations of a muscle, occurring in rapid succession seen with, among other conditions, spasticity and some seizure disorders.
Examination of cranial nerves II through XII.
Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder resulting from impaired movement of the muscles used for speech production
Deficiency in the ability to comprehend and/or formulate language as a result of injury/disease of the brain.
Glasgow Coma Scale. Objective scale used to assess the level of consciousness of a patient post head trauma with a rating between 3 and 15.
Level of Consciousness:
A measurement of a person's arousability and responsiveness to stimuli from the environment.
Motor skills normal for patient's age and baseline ability.
Moves All Extremities equally
Fast uncontrollable movements of the eyes that may be horizontal, vertical or rotational.
Pathologic sign seen during a neurological exam evidenced by an inability to hold one's arms up against the effect of gravity
Wound caused by superficial damage to the skin, no deeper than the epidermis; less severe than a laceration
A circumscribed collection of purulent exudate frequently associated with swelling and other signs of inflammation.
To become white or pale usually due to vasoconstriction or application of pressure.
A blister more than 5 mm in diameter w/ thin walls that is full of fluid.
A spreading bacterial infection underneath the skin surface characterized by redness, warmth, swelling and pain.
Joining; running together; denoting certain skin lesions that become merged forming a patch and are not discrete or distinct from one another.
Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes, caused by deoxygenation.
An abnormal closed epithelium-lined sac in the body that contains a liquid or semisolid substance
An excretion of moisture through the pores of the skin also called perspiration or sweating.
Inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by redness, itching and oozing of vesicular lesions which become scaly, crusted or hardened.
Not permanent; of brief duration.
A superficial traumatic injury which remove some of the skin substance, such as by scratching, abrasion, or burn.
Acute contagious superficial pyoderma characterized by vesicles, pustules and yellowish crust. Caused by Staph Aureus, or Group A Strep.
Yellowish discoloration of the sclera, skin, and mucous membranes due to deposition of bile salts in these tissues, also called icterus.
A deep cut or tear of the skin.
Broad term for sores, ulcers, tumors, cataracts and any other tissue damage; any pathological or traumatic discontinuity of the tissue.
Occurs in response to excessive itching or rubbing of the skin and results in thick, leathery patches of skin.
Inflammation of one or more lymphatic vessels characterized by fine red streaks extending from the infected area to the axilla or groin.
Circumscribed changes in the color of skin that are neither raised nor depressed; small spots or blemishes in the skin that are entirely flat.
Of, relating to or caused by a fungus of the genus Candida.
Paleness or absence of color of the skin.
A small bump or pimple, typically larger than a grain of salt but smaller than a peppercorn, that rises above the surface of the neighboring skin.
Non-blanching pinpoint flat round red spots under the skin surface caused by intradermal hemorrhage (bleeding into the skin).
Small collection of pus in the top layer of the skin or beneath it in the dermis.
A protein-rich liquid inflammation product made up of leukocytes, cellular debris, and a thin fluid
Resembling the rash of scarlet fever.
Having a winding course, resembling a serpent.
Degree of elasticity of the skin; used clinically to determine the extent of dehydration, or fluid loss in the body.
A lesion through the skin or a mucous membrane resulting from loss of tissue, usually associated inflammation.
A vascular reaction of the skin marked by transient appearance of slightly elevated patches (wheals) that are redder or paler than the surrounding skin and often attended by severe itching; aka hives.
Resembling chicken pox.
A small circumscribed elevation of the epidermis containing a serous fluid; a small blister
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