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semester 1 units 1 and 2
Terms in this set (97)
Increased metabolic rate due to exercise is helpful because:
the body uses more calories for everyday activities
What is the relationship between physical fitness and exercise?
Exercise is a subset of physical fitness.
What is NOT a type of wellness?
Genetic characteristics that we can't control include
height and amount of muscle fibers
(t/f)The core muscles stabilize and protect the spine.
What is the greatest risk factor for a stroke?
high blood pressure
(t/f)Adolescents require fewer hours of physical activity than adults.
How much physical activity should an adult have each week?
30 minutes per day, 5 days a week
How are hypertension, heart disease, and stroke related?
The risk of developing each condition can be reduced through diet and exercise.
Risks for chronic disease can be reduced by participating in moderate physical activity for a minimum of...
20 minutes a day, two days out of the week
Which percentage of American adults do not exercise on a regular basis?
Which statement about American physical fitness BEST reflects current negative fitness attitudes?
One-third of adolescents in high school do not engage in regular physical activity.
The average 8- to 18-year-old spends __________ per day on average in front of a screen doing very little to no physical activity.
(t/f)Rubber suits are instrumental for increasing weight loss during an exercise program.
Braces are important because they...
provide support for a weakened joint
What medical exam most thoroughly evaluates a person's ability to participate in exercise?
exercise stress test
(t/f)During a medical screening, lung capacity testing is a standard procedure.
(t/f)The human body is composed of approximately 60% of water.
Electrolytes serve several purposes in the body, including...
nerve and muscle function and fluid balance
What is the ideal fluid balance for the body?
equal loss and gain
frostbite results when...
tissues are damaged by extreme cold
Acute hypothermia is caused by
rapid loss of body heat
(t/f)It's always safer to exercise in a gym.
Besides urination, the other methods for fluid loss from the body are
perspiration and respiration
Common symptoms of a concussion include all of the following EXCEPT:
Which of the following statements about stopping/twisting is NOT true?
it mostly occurs in individual sports
Which of the following is NOT a way to prevent bursitis?
Incorrect techniques generally lead to ligament and tendon damage.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of bone fractures?
it does not always include pain
Which of the following injuries include instability of the knee with pain and swelling?
What does DRABCD stand for?
danger, responsiveness, airway, breathing, compression, defibrillation
Returning to a sport after an injury is most dependent upon
your personal rate of healing
A minor injury is one that
does not impair athletic performance
Surgical correction is generally only required for
very serious injuries
What type of medication would you be most likely to use for a mild sprain?
Why do fractures need to be treated immediately by a medical professional?
Bones need to be set immediately, before they begin to heal, or they may heal crooked.
An injured limb should be kept above heart level.
Proper usage of the PRICE method of treatment can heal an ACL injury.
How does compression reduce swelling after an injury?
It narrows blood vessels.
Which of the factors below is NOT critical in developing good physical fitness?
Which of these concepts represents the most encompassing aspect of our lives?
Which of the following is an example of an overuse injury?
What are the three underlying training principles of effective workout programs?
specificity, overload, and progression
What are the three components of the FITT acronym associated with overload and progression?
time, frequency, and intensity
The warm-up portion of a workout program is more important than the cool down portion.
Which of the following is NOT true concerning warm-up exercises?
they should last 20-30 minutes
What is overtraining?
overloading the muscles too often
Which of the following tests uses calipers to assess body composition?
Which of the following is TRUE about assessing muscular strength and endurance?
Different muscle groups have to be tested separately.
During resistance exercise, muscles are
working against a force
Which of the following is NOT part of the step test for assessing cardiorespiratory fitness?
preforming the test for an hour
The BEST type of test for assessing skill-related fitness depends on
what skill is being tested
According to the presentation, skill-related fitness CANNOT be improved by
Which of the following statements BEST describes the sprint test?
The runner should sprint as fast as possible to the finish line.
Which of the following is NOT a component of skill-related fitness?
What makes the yardstick test a direct measurement of reaction time?
the further the yardstick falls, the slower the reaction time
Power is the fitness skill associated with the rate at which strength can be used.
To score in the 85th percentile at age 15 in the President's Challenge, girls must
run a mile in 8:08
Which of the following techniques should you NOT use when recording your performance on a fitness evaluation?
record your score after you have finished all of the events
To ensure your score in a fitness evaluation is properly recorded, the proctor must count your repetitions.
The President's Challenge Program is a fitness evaluation designed for
elementary and high school students
For men taking the the Air Force Physical Fitness Test, the best possible time to run 1.5 miles is in less than
Trending data is needed when evaluating fitness levels in order to
correct inaccurate data
To overcome an object's inertia, it must be acted upon by
What type of lever is a neck?
What is kinetic energy?
the energy an object has due to its motion
The most common lever in the human body is the
Second and third class levers are differentiated by
the location of the load
the ankle is a third class lever
What lever has resistance between the axis (fulcrum) and the force (effort)?
Second and third class levers both have
fulcrum at one end of the lever
What is the difference between velocity and acceleration?
Velocity is how fast an object moves and acceleration is the rate of change in velocity.
What is BEST to say about a runner who is running at a constant velocity?
their acceleration is 0
The carpal bones in the wrist are an example of
What differentiates extension from hyperextension?
Extension straightens a joint, and hyperextension bends it but in the opposite direction from flexion.
How many types of joints are there in the human body?
Which of the following BEST describes a body in equilibrium?
all forces acting on the body are balanced
Hyperextension bends a joint in the opposite direction as flexion.
Which type of joint allows rotation of one bone around another like when rotating the head?
the joints in the fingers are
Which of the following terms describes the straightening of a joint, rather than the bending?
Synovial joints have the greatest range of flexibility and motion.
Range of motion is the distance an object can travel when separated from another object.
Earth's gravity acts upon objects with a steady force of
9.8 meters per second squared
the measure of an objects mass and velocity
Human muscles have an efficiency of about
any individual can be an expert in anything
Assuming 50% efficiency, 150 kcals of chemical energy would result in
Which of the following statements about air is TRUE?
none of the above
Gravity is an attractive force that decreases as the mass of an object increases.
friction is a force in which two objects
slide agaisnt each other
Which of the following statements BEST describes the stork?
Place one foot on the inside of the leg, raise the heel of the other foot, and remain in this position as long as possible.
When the force on an object increases, so does its
Which of the following is NOT a benefit of cool down activities?
reduced muscle soreness
Which of the following does NOT limit range of motion?
A balance uses small metal weights of known mass to determine the mass of a substance. Where would a balance NOT function correctly?
in a zero gravity environment
Fitness evaluations are usually designed for a certain group of people.
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