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_____ is an agency-wide philosophy promoting community parterships to address the causes of a crime and other community issues. (IN018.A.1)
What are the two core components of Community Oriented Policing? (IN018.1.B)
_____ increase understanding and trust between law enforcement agencies and community members. (IN018.1.B)
Law enforcement agencies can practice the problem-solving component of COP by using the _____. (IN018)
The key elements of problem solving in the SARA Model include... (IN018.1.B.3)
_____ takes a broad, intensive view of a particular area or series of events to accurately describe community problems. (IN018.1.B.3)
The _____ phase helps determine the cause of the problem by collecting information from various sources. (IN018.1.B.3)
The _____ phase allows officers the opportunity to respond to the problem by working with citizens, businesses, and public agencies. (IN018.1.B.3)
In problem solving, if the _____ process indicates the soution failed, the cycle continues until the problem is adequately resolved. (IN018.1.B.3)
In problem solving, SECURE stands for... (IN019.1)
Whether responding to a crime in progress or making a public service call, an officer can review the _____ model to ensure a safe, ethical, and effective response. (IN019.2.B)
In problem solving, an officer must always consider _____ and use these powers within the limits of the law. (IN019.1.A)
In problem solving, to understand a situation, an officer must determine... (IN019.1.A)
...the who, what, when, where, how, and why of the situation.
In problem solving, _____ depends on the level of understanding and the options available. (IN019.1.A)
In problem solving, an officer must _____ his or her actions to determine if the problem has been dealt with successfully. (IN019.1.A)
To remain safe, officers have an array of safety equipment including... (IN014.3.A)
-Subject control spray
Safety equipment on vehicles may include... (IN014.3.A)
-A public address system
What are some factors that may lead to officers' deaths? (IN014.1.A)
-Dirty, faulty, or improperly maintained equipment
-Failure to continuously train and maintain proficiency with equipment
_____ is accurately noting what is presented to the five senses by keeping in view, noticing, or giving attention to persons, things, or circumstances. (IN020.2.A.1)
_____ are the first line of defense and are developed and improved through practice such as memorizing car descriptions and observing pedestrians and environmental details. (IN020.2.A)
Good observation skills
_____ is organizing and attaching meaning to sensations so that they can be interpreted. (IN020.2.D.1)
Perception is affected by various factors such as the observer's... (IN020.2.D)
-Mental & Physical condition
-His/her position or location
Identify factors affecting an officer's sight. (IN020.2.C.1)
-Visual defects like nearsightedness (myopia) and farsightedness (hyperopia)
-Lighting from sources like streetlights or fluorescent lamps
Identify factors affecting an officer's hearing. (IN020.2.C.3)
-Traffic or noise from residences
Identify factors affecting an officer's sense of smell. (IN020.2.C.4)
-Health or weather conditions
-Odors in an outside environment
-Substances with strong odors like ether or gasoline
-Hazardous materials like chlorine gas or ammonia
Identify factors affecting an officer's sense of touch. (IN020.2.C.6)
-Used for searches or pat downs
-Verifies presence of heat
In officer survival, true readiness involves... (IN014.2.A)
-First aid skills
Under the stress of a physical attack, an officer will instinctively... (IN014.2.A)
revert back to his or her training.
_____ is an object or environment that provides camoflauge for an officer but will not stop bullets (IN014.4.H.2)
_____, or the narrowing of the attention field due to stress should be avoided (IN014.4)
Officer safety procedures include: (IN014.4)
-Be alert for indicators of danger & analyze the scene
-Avoid Tunnel vision
-Observe surroundings & never make reckless decisons
-Identify yourself as a police officer & give direct commands
-Assess how many people are t the scene, hand positioning, scan for hazards like weapons
-Do not rush to an injured suspect or put your weapon away. Suspect may still be a threat.
-Disarm suspect before leaving cover. Ask them to turn away, drop & step away from weapon.
-If in the patrol vehicle and under fire, drive away, roll up windows, & turn off ac.
The normal reaction when facing a threat is the _____, which is the body's preparation to either fight or flee a dangerous situation. (IN015.1.A.1)
Fight or flight response
What are the four general levels of stress? (IN015.1)
_____ is short-lived and similar to what people experience before taking a test or giving a speech. (IN015.1)
_____ continues a long time, such as stress felt during a difficult two-year training program. (IN015.1)
_____ results from a variety of sources over time. For example, an individual has domestic, financial, and career problems, which are all stressors that may build on one another. (IN015.1)
What are the four categories of stressors? (IN015.1.B.1)
_____ stressors involve elments of an officer's surroundings, such as weather or high noise levels. (IN015.1.B.1)
_____ stressors depend on an individual's likes or dislikes, such as trauma related to injury or death or financial or family difficulties. (IN015.1.B.1)
_____ stressors affect an individual's perception of situations and events, including personal attitudes toward work, perceptions of others, and work-related goals. (IN015.1.B.1)
_____ stressors are elements of an officer's job that cause physical or emotional distress. (IN015.1.B.1)
_____ stress responses include temporary in anxiety, tension, and irritability. (IN015.1.E)
_____ stress responses related to personality may include psychosis, chronic depression, or suicidal thoughts. (IN015.1.E)
Identify the most common warning signs of stress in an officer. (IN015.1.F)
-Sudden behavior changes
-Erratic work habits
-Excessive accidents or injuries
-Sleeping & eating disorders
-Alcohol or drug use
-Complaints from peers/citizens about negative interactions
Identify techniques for reducing stress. (IN015.3)
-Healthy lifestyle (proper eating & sleeping)
_____ patrol is taking a responsive or after-the-fact role in dealing with a crime. (LE022.5.A.1)
_____ is a brief meeting attended before a shift that gives an officer information about current issues to keep in mind while on patrol.
Officers should record all roll call information that may affect their shift, including _____ as it may be useful when patrolling an assigned area. (LE488.3.A)
-Addresses that require extra patrol
-Officer safety bulletins
Because officers rely on duty equipment for safety, they must routinely ensure each piece of equipment is... (LE038a.1)
-In working order
Identify how to become familiar with patrol areas. LE022.6.C)
-Learn major roads, landmarks, crime hazards, community habits, emergency medical treatment, and mental health facilities
-Identify groups such as neighborhood watch, business owners, mail carriers, utility and sanitation workers, and anyone who walks or drives through neighborhood
-Be aware of community resources
Advantages of foot patrol are... (LE022.8.C)
-Greater accessibility to the community.
-The ability to closely investigate community concerns and observe activity in specific areas.
At night, officers should _____, which allows them to inspect interiors while concealed in shadows. (LE022.8.C)
Keep close to buildings
When recieving a call, once dispatch has notified an officer, he or she should respond by giving... (LE022.10)
-Confirmation of response
Prior to arriving at the scene, officers should turn thier radio volume _____ and notifiy dispatch of their arrival by radio, cell phone, or computer to aviod access noise.
The _____ officer is responsible for directing the approach and handling all communications with the suspect, including commands and interviews. (LE100.4.F.2)
The backup officer is the _____, who is strictly responsible for officer safety concerns at the scene.
A _____ is the area surrounding an incident that may be cordoned off to prevent unauthorized personnel from leaving or entering. (LE089.a.2.A)
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