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Film & Culture Chapter 6
Terms in this set (15)
The process of capturing moving images on film or some other medium.
One uninterrupted run of the camera. A shot can be as short or as long as the director wants, but it cannot exceed the length of the film stock in the camera. Compare setup.
An indication of the number of times a particular shot is taken (e.g., shot 14, take 7).
The chief electrician on a movie production set.
First assistant electrician to the gaffer on a movie production set.
All-around handyperson on a movie production set, most often working with the camera crews and electrical crews.
widescreen aspect ratio
Any aspect ratio wider than 1.33:1, the standard ratio until the early 1950s.
Also known as main light or source light. The brightest light falling on a subject.
Lighting, positioned at the opposite side of the camera from the key light, that can fill in the shadows created by the brighter key light. Fill light may also come from a reflector board.
depth of field
The distance in front of a camera and its lens in which objects are in apparent sharp focus.
Also known as a master shot or cover shot. A shot that ordinarily serves as a foundation for (and usually begins) a sequence by showing the location of ensuing action. Although usually a long shot or extreme long shot, a master shot may also be a medium shot or close-up that includes a sign or other cue to identify the location. Master shots are also called cover shots because the editor can repeat them later in the film to remind the audience of the location, thus "covering" the director by avoiding the need to reshoot.
deep space composition
A total visual composition that occupies all three planes of the frame, thus creating an illusion of depth, and that is usually reproduced on the screen by deep-focus cinematography.
The level and height of the camera in relation to the subject being photographed. The five basic camera angles produce eye-level shots, high-angle shots, low-angle shots, Dutch-angle shots, and aerial-view shots.
The horizontal movement of a camera mounted on the gyroscopic head of a stationary tripod; like the tilt shot, the pan shot is a simple movement with dynamic possibilities for creating meaning.
Also known as traveling shot or dolly shot. A shot taken by a camera fixed to a wheeled support called a dolly. When the dolly runs on tracks (or when the camera is mounted to a crane or an aerial device such as an airplane, a helicopter, or a balloon) the shot is called a tracking shot.
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