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83 terms

Chapter 19 Hair coloring

state board
STUDY
PLAY
A technique used to create very blond hair in two steps is two-step blonding or:
double-process coloring
The chemical process of diffusing natural or artificial color pigment from the hair is:
hair lightening
The system used by colorists to analyze the lightness or darkness of a hair color is the:
level system
The hair is usually most resistant to color application at the:
hairline and temple area
Permanent haircolors:
are more alkaline than no-lift deposit-only colors
In most color-level systems, the darkest colors start at level:
1
Lighteners that are designed for on-the-scalp application are:
oil and cream lighteners
Haircolor that has a coating action and is removed by shampooing is a:
temporary color
The highlight or the hue of color seen in the hair is referred to as:
tones
Powder lighteners are designed to be used as:
off-the-scalp lighteners
Hair color that performs only a physical change on the hair shaft is classified as:
temporary color
Colors that absorb more light and look deeper than their actual level are:
cool tones
An oxidizing agent that is added to hydrogen peroxide to increase its chemical action is a(n):
activator
Hair color that is formulated to last through several shampoos is classified as:
semipermanent color
Cool tones can be described to a client as:
ash
The hair shaft between the scalp and hair that has previously received treatment is the:
new growth
Demipermanent hair color is also known as:
deposit-only hair color
Color is described as a property of objects that depends on the light they:
reflect
The technique of coloring hair strands darker than the natural hair color is:
lowlighting
Hair color that remains in the hair shaft and is used to match, lighten, and cover gray hair is:
permanent hair color
The first step in performing a hair coloring service should be to identify:
natural levels
Leftover haircolor should be:
properly disposed of
Dye precursors that combine with hydrogen peroxide to form permanent tint molecules are:
aniline derivatives
To make a color brighter or softer, you use
color intensifiers
Specialized preparations used to equalize porosity and deposit a base color in one application are:
fillers
Hair coloring that is regarded as the best for covering gray hair is:
permanent hair coloring products
The predominant tonality of an existing color is referred to as the:
base color
In the weaving foil technique, the selected strands are picked up using a:
zigzag motion
A natural or vegetable hair color obtained from the leaves or bark of plants is:
henna
A violet base color helps to minimize unwanted:
yellow tones
Statistically, clients who receive color services stay with their stylist for:
8 years
If a selected lightener is not processed long enough on gray hair, the hair may turn:
orange
Hair coloring products marketed to men that produce a dull, metallic appearance are:
gradual hair color
To minimize unwanted orange tones in the hair, the base color used should be:
blue
Clients who have their hair colored usually visit the salon every:
4 to 12 weeks
When attempting to cover unpigmented hair in a salt-and-pepper head, formulate the selected color:
two levels lighter than the natural level
An oxidizing agent that supplies the oxygen gas to activate color molecules is a:
developer
A system for understanding color relationships is:
Law of Color
The correct way to write the industry-coined term referring to products that artificially color the hair is:
haircolor
The process of treating gray or very resistant hair for better penetration of color is:
presoftening
Developers are also known as catalysts or:
oxidizing agents
To make a base color of green, it is necessary to use equal parts of blue and:
yellow
The determining factor in choosing which hair color to use is:
client's hair structure
Equal parts of shampoo added to a remaining color formula to brighten hair color is a:
soap cap
The measure of varying strengths of hydrogen peroxide is called:
volume
Pure or fundamental colors that cannot be achieved from a mixture are:
primary colors
The outermost layer of the hair is the:
cuticle layer
To achieve most results, the standard volume used with permanent hair color is:
20 volume
The three primary colors are red, blue, and:
yellow
The layer that gives hair its strength and elasticity is the:
cortex layer
The process that occurs when hydrogen peroxide is mixed into a lightening formula and oxygen is released is:
oxidation
Cool-toned colors are colors that have a predominance of:
blue
The natural color pigment found in the hair is called:
melanin
The oxidation process occurs within what layer of the hair?
cortex
The darkest of the primary colors that also brings depth to any color is:
blue
The diameter of individual hair strands is referred to as hair:
texture
The stages in the decolorizing process are determined by the strength of the product, processing time, and:
natural hair pigment
The melanin granules found in fine hair texture are grouped:
tightly
Hair coloring products used on prelightened hair to achieve pale and delicate colors are:
toners
The number of hairs per square inch on a head is referred to as hair:
density
The first and the most critical part of the color service is the
hair color consultation
Red added to yellow colors will make them appear:
darker
The diameter of coarse-textured hair is classified as:
large
The mixing bowl selected for the brush-and-bowl color application method must be:
nonmetallic
When added, what color will make the resulting color appear lighter and brighter?
yellow
Hair with a tight cuticle making it difficult for chemicals and moisture to penetrate has:
low porosity
Aniline derivative products should never be used on:
eyelashes or eyebrows
Colors obtained by mixing equal parts of two primary colors are:
secondary colors
The ability of the hair to absorb liquids is known as:
hair porosity
To identify an allergy in a client, the U.S.Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act requires a:
predisposition test
An equal combination of the primary colors blue and red produces:
violet
The predominant melanin that gives black and brown color to hair is:
eumelanin
A procedure used to determine the reaction of a color formula on hair is a:
preliminary strand test
An intermediate color achieved by mixing equal parts of a secondary color and neighboring primary color is a:
tertiary color
The melanin that gives blond and red colors to hair is:
pheomelanin
Permanent hair color applications are classified as single-process or:
double-process
A primary color and a secondary color positioned opposite each other on the color wheel are:
complementary colors
The pigment that lies under the natural color in hair is called the:
contributing pigment
An example of a single-process coloring application is a virgin tint application or:
color retouch application
To determine allergies, all haircolor products prior to application require a(n):
patch test
The visible line that separates colored hair from the new growth is referred to as
demarcation
In general, hair coloring products have how many different classifications
four: temporary, semi-permanent, demi-permanent, & permanent
The unit of measurement used to identify the lightness or darkness of a color
level