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GCSE Classics - Heracles/Hercules
Terms in this set (48)
Three stories by Ovid
Nessus Achelous and Death
Story by Virgil
Who was Nessus?
a centaur and son of Ixion
How did Nessus trick Hercules
He offered help but then stole his wife
How did Nessus trick Deianira?
He told her that the blood on his cloak was a formula to restore love
How did Hercules kill Nessus?
With a bow and arrow covered in Hydra venom
Why did Hercules battle with Achelous?
Because they both wanted to marry Deianira
What points did Hercules make for marrying Deianira?
Divine parentage and determination shown in his labours
What three battles did Hercules (H) and Achelous (A) have?
1 - H v A
2 - H v A as a snake
3 - H v A as a bull
How did Hercules celebrate his victory over Achelous?
made a cornucopia out of his horn
What points did Achelous make for marrying Deianira?
He was a God - high status and local. Blames Hercules for his labours.
What killed Hercules?
The cloak given to Deianira by Nessus
Why did Deianira need to give Heracles the cloak?
Juno spread rumours about his infidelities
Who physically gave Hercules the shirt and how did they pay for it.
Hercules' slave and so Hercules killed him by throwing him through the air.
Why couldn't Hercules take of the cloak?
it caught fire and stuck to his skin
What did Hercules do as he died?
made his own funeral pyre and complained that he didn't deserve it because of all the good he had done.
What did the Roman people to do to worship Hercules?
built him a altar which was very tall and did annual sacrifices
Who was Cacus?
fire breathing giant and son of Vulcan
What did Cacus do to anger Hercules?
stole his cattle
Where did Cacus live?
in the Aventine hill
How did Hercules get into the cave
He lifted the top of the mountain off
What did Cacus do to try get rid of him?
smoke him out
What labour was Cacus part of?
10 - the cattle of Geryon
How did Hercules kill Cacus?
What was Heracles' first labour?
The Nemean Lion
How did Heracles kill the lion
With its own claw
What was Heracles' second labour?
The Lernaean Hydra
How did Heracles kill the hydra?
By cutting of its head and burning it so they couldn't grow back
What was Heracles' third labour?
the golden hind
What was Heracles fourth labour?
What was Heracles fifth labour?
the stables of Augeas at Elis
Why didn't the stable count as one of his 10 labours?
because he was paid
What was Heracles sixth labour?
The Stymphalian birds
What was Heracles seventh labour?
the Cretan bull
What was Heracles eighth labour?
The mares of Diomedes
Why didn't the Mares of Diomedes count as a labour?
Because he had help from his cousin
What was Heracles ninth labour
Belt of Hyppolyta the Amazon
Why didn't the ninth labour go to plan
Hera made up rumours that Heracles wanted Hyppolyta not her belt
What was Heracles tenth labour about?
Cattle of Geryon
What was Heracles' eleventh labour?
The Golden apples
What was Heracles final labour?
bring back Cerberus the dog from the underworld
Who did Zeus pretend to be when impregnating Heracles' mother?
Amphitiyon, her husband
Who was Heracles' mother?
How did Heracles come to do his labours?
he married Creon's daughter Megara - Hera drove him mad - he killed his family - exiled himself - went to oracle who was under Hera's control
What was unusual about Alcmene's pregnancy?
She was pregnant with two boys by two different men
What did Hera do to try stop Heracles from inheriting Zeus' kingdom
used her daughter the goddess of childbirth to slow down her childbirth as it was said the first child born on that date would rule.
The Olympic games story 1
Pelops wanted to marry Hippodamia but because her father had a prophecy that when she was married he would die he challenged all suitors to a chariot race. Pelops sabotaged his chariot and killed her father Oinomasos. The games were set up as a funeral games
The Olympic games story 2
Heracles, as revenge for not being paid for the stables marched against the city with an army. Once he took it over he set up an altar to Pelops and made the game into a bigger event.
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