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7 hormones released by anterior pituitary (PALMFGT)

prolactin, adrenocorticotropic, luteinizing, melanocyte-stimulating, growth, follicle-stimulating, thyroid-stimulating

2 hormones stored by posterior pituitary

antidiuretic/vasopressin, oxytocin

4 hormones produced by hypothalamus (go-gro-thyro-co)

gonadotropin-releasing, growth-hormone-releasing, thyrotropin-releasing, corticotropin-releasing

chemical structure of melatonin


3 hormones produced by thyroid gland

thyroxine (t4), triiodothyronine (t3), calcitonin

action of parathyroid hormone (PTH)

raises Ca levels

2 parts of adrenal gland

cortex, medulla

3 hormones produced by adrenal cortex

glucocorticoids, mineralcorticoids, androgens

2 hormones produced by adrenal medulla

adrenaline (epinephrine), noradrenaline (norepinephrine)

hormones produced by testes


3 hormones produced by pancreas

insulin, glucagon, somatostatin

stimulates estrogen-release or sperm production (ant. pituitary)


regulates menstrual cycle or testosterone production (ant pituitary)


stimulate adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids (ant. pituitary)


stimulates kidneys to preserve H2O (post. pituitary)


stimulates uterine contractions (post. pituitary)


promotes sleep, biological clock, circadian rhythms (pineal gland)


increases basal metabolic rate, synthesis or proteins (thyroid) (2)

thyroxine, triiodothyronine

stimulates deposit of Ca in bones, lowers blood Ca levels (thyroid)


stimulates bone resorption & kidney retention of Ca, raises blood Ca levels (parathyroid)

parathyroid (PTH)

raise blood glucose levels, depress immune response (adrenal cortex)


promotes resorption of salts, maintenance of blood pressure (adrenal cortex)


sex hormones (adrenal cortex)


rise in blood sugars, increase metabolic rate, blood shunted towards skeletal muscles (adrenal medulla) (2)

adrenaline, noradrenaline

male secondary sex trait development (testes)


lower blood sugar, stimulate conversion of glucose into glycogen (glycongenesis) (pancreas)


stimulates conversion of glycogen into glucose (pancreas)


inhibits production of insulin and glucagon


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