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28 terms

Endocrine Basics

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7 hormones released by anterior pituitary (PALMFGT)
prolactin, adrenocorticotropic, luteinizing, melanocyte-stimulating, growth, follicle-stimulating, thyroid-stimulating
2 hormones stored by posterior pituitary
antidiuretic/vasopressin, oxytocin
4 hormones produced by hypothalamus (go-gro-thyro-co)
gonadotropin-releasing, growth-hormone-releasing, thyrotropin-releasing, corticotropin-releasing
chemical structure of melatonin
amine
3 hormones produced by thyroid gland
thyroxine (t4), triiodothyronine (t3), calcitonin
action of parathyroid hormone (PTH)
raises Ca levels
2 parts of adrenal gland
cortex, medulla
3 hormones produced by adrenal cortex
glucocorticoids, mineralcorticoids, androgens
2 hormones produced by adrenal medulla
adrenaline (epinephrine), noradrenaline (norepinephrine)
hormones produced by testes
androgens
3 hormones produced by pancreas
insulin, glucagon, somatostatin
stimulates estrogen-release or sperm production (ant. pituitary)
follicle-stimulating
regulates menstrual cycle or testosterone production (ant pituitary)
luteinizing
stimulate adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids (ant. pituitary)
adrenocorticotropic
stimulates kidneys to preserve H2O (post. pituitary)
antidiuretic/vasopressin
stimulates uterine contractions (post. pituitary)
oxytocin
promotes sleep, biological clock, circadian rhythms (pineal gland)
melatonin
increases basal metabolic rate, synthesis or proteins (thyroid) (2)
thyroxine, triiodothyronine
stimulates deposit of Ca in bones, lowers blood Ca levels (thyroid)
calcitonin
stimulates bone resorption & kidney retention of Ca, raises blood Ca levels (parathyroid)
parathyroid (PTH)
raise blood glucose levels, depress immune response (adrenal cortex)
glucocorticoids
promotes resorption of salts, maintenance of blood pressure (adrenal cortex)
mineralocorticoids
sex hormones (adrenal cortex)
androgens/estrogens
rise in blood sugars, increase metabolic rate, blood shunted towards skeletal muscles (adrenal medulla) (2)
adrenaline, noradrenaline
male secondary sex trait development (testes)
androgens
lower blood sugar, stimulate conversion of glucose into glycogen (glycongenesis) (pancreas)
insulin
stimulates conversion of glycogen into glucose (pancreas)
glycagon
inhibits production of insulin and glucagon
somatostatin