# ETHN 142 Midterm 2

Why was Lewis Terman, psychologist, so invested in creating standardized testing in the US? (Stern Introduction)
A. He thought it would be a better way to judge people's academic performance than grades
B. He thought that standardized testing was a fair way of measuring intelligence across class
C. He was a eugenicist and thought that intelligence was racial and determined by genetics and was measured best in standardized tests so he used his statistical methods to dominate psychometrics
D. He wanted to try standardized testing in schools before implementing it at the polls to suppress Black voters
E. He wanted to try standardized testing in schools before implementing it into US citizenship tests
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Why was Lewis Terman, psychologist, so invested in creating standardized testing in the US? (Stern Introduction)
A. He thought it would be a better way to judge people's academic performance than grades
B. He thought that standardized testing was a fair way of measuring intelligence across class
C. He was a eugenicist and thought that intelligence was racial and determined by genetics and was measured best in standardized tests so he used his statistical methods to dominate psychometrics
D. He wanted to try standardized testing in schools before implementing it at the polls to suppress Black voters
E. He wanted to try standardized testing in schools before implementing it into US citizenship tests
In Gulbas's examination of the ways in which race motivates women in Venezuela to undergo cosmetic surgery procedures to resolve body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem often imposed by society, what physical characteristic is central to standards of facial and bodily harmony based on the ideal White body?
A. eyelids
B. nose
C. hair
D. lips
E. breasts
Within the Dillaway reading, what makes surrogacy an attractive undertaking for the surrogates?
A. surrogates receive a surrogacy fee, often in the form of resources or installments of payments, that has the potential to improve their financial circumstances
B. It is not difficult for surrogates to make a claim to motherhood if they wish to keep the child they carry to term through the commercial surrogacy contract
C. Commercial surrogacy contracts are flexible and non-exploitative for the surrogates
D. Surrogates enjoy comfortable lifestyles and are always compensated fairly for their labor
E. During the gestational period of surrogacy, the safety and well-being of the surrogate often supersedes that of the child the surrogate carries
Why was the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) ineffective for providing Navajo miners and their families compensation for exposure to uranium? (Lewis)
A. It did not consider Navajo sovereignty
B. The law required proof of lung cancer for compensation and fewer Navajo people smoked than non-Navajo people working in the mine so they were less likely to have it and thus be compensated than Non-Navajo people
C. It based compensation on wages and Navajo miners were paid less
D. It was too little too late
E. It was actually effective
According to DePergola, which of the following is a problem of regulating compensated organ donation?
A. Difficulty of defining "safe practices" and conflicts of interest
B. Lack of infrastructure and policies (healthcare, transparency) to protect organ donors
C. Viewing organs as commodities raises questions over whether third parties (other than buyers or sellers) can claim an organ as property
D. Organs are limited in their fungibility as commodities
E. All are correct
What is true about the 'one drop' rule? (Davis)
A. The 'one drop' rule and the underlying fear of racial mixing is a relic of the 19th century
B. Most Americans who are defined as white in the US have, according to the "one drop" rule, a significant percentage of African ancestry
C. Any white-skinned person who acknowledges African Ancestry, however distinct, does not implicitly acknowledge that they are Black
D. Does not live in the anxieties of White Americans in the US today
C. According to Davis, not the fear of exposure and having to internalize the external scapegoat, but rather a sense of shame about the past, is perhaps White America's most 'shameful' secret
According to Vora, which of the following are considered part of the context of surrogacy that varies from clinic to clinic in India ?
A. Elective national guidelines for commercial assisted reproductive technology practice
B. Most clinics do not mandate surrogates to live in designated hostels
C. Many only accept non married women who have not given birth.
D. Self-care, concern, caution, and attention excluded from the affective labor produced by surrogates during pregnancy
E. Are not asked to breast-feed in order to prevent an emotional connection from forming