40 terms

Basic Math Vocabulary

The very basic vocabulary needed to have the very basic understanding of math.
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even numbers
Numbers that can be divided by 2 without a remainder.
odd numbers
Numbers that end with 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and cannot be divided evenly by 2.
operation
Addition, subtraction, multiplication, or dividion performed on a pair of numbers.
algorithm
A step-by-step solution, where you follow the steps to get an answer.
multiply
To find the product of two or more numbers.
multiplication
The act of finding the product of two or more numbers.
product
The answer to a multiplication problem.
multiple
A number formed by multiplying a number by a whole number.
equal
Being the same in size, degree, or amount.
equivalent
Having the same value, worth, or meaning.
divide
To separate into equal parts or groups / to find how many times one number goes into another number.
division
The act of separating into equal parts or groups / finding how many times one number goes into another.
add
To combine numbers to make a new number.
addition
The act of combining numbers to make a new number.
sum
The answer to an addition problem.
subtract
To find the difference between two numbers.
subtraction
The process of reducing one number from another.
difference
The amount left when one number is subtracted from another.
array
Objects arranged in rows and columns.
half
One of two equal parts of a whole.
quarter
One of four equal parts of a whole; one fourth.
double
To make twice as much (or many).
greater (than)
More than.
greatest
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less (than)
Not as great as another number/amount.
least
Less than anything or anyone else; the SMALLEST amount or number.
increase
To make something become larger in amount or size (verb).
increase
A rise in the amount or size of something (noun).
decrease
To become less, or to make something become less.
factor
A number that is multiplied.
pattern
Any repeated arrangement or sequence that follows a rule or repetition.
opposite
Being in a position on the other side or across from.
expression
A math phrase with numbers, variables, and/or symbols.
solve
To find the answer to a problem.
simplify
To rewrite an expression using shorter terms or smaller numbers that have the same value.
fraction
A number that represents a part of a whole.
numerator
The top number of a fraction.
denominator
The bottom number of a fraction.
equation
Two expressions with an equal sign between them.
estimate
To find an answer close to an exact answer.