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Review Questions for Chapter 1
You got this, girl.
Terms in this set (29)
When did early interest in the human body probably develop?
When people became concerned about injuries and illness.
What was the most effective way to understand and begin treating sickness?
By observation of the natural processes in the human body.
What was a reason for our ancestors to begin studying the human body?
To understand what caused illness
What is the branch of science that deal with morphology of body parts?
What is the basic unit of function and structure in the human body?
What is the definition of metabolism?
All the chemical reactions in an organism that support life.
The physiological events that obtain, release, and use energy are largely part of ____.
What is the term for the combination of chemical reactions in cells that use of release energy?
What is the definition of homeostasis?
The maintenance of a stable internal environment.
Which is a physiological description rather than an anatomical one?
The muscles of the intestinal wall contract slowly and involuntarily.
What portion of the human organism consists of the head, neck, and trunk?
What body cavity would contain the heart, esophagus, and trachea?
1. Parietal pleura - Lines compartments of the thoracic cavity
2. Visceral Pleura - covers the lungs
3. Parietal pericardium - lines the pericardial cavity
4. Visceral pericardium - covers the heart
5. Parietal Peritoneum - lines the abdominal cavity
6. Visceral peritoneum - covers the abdominal organs
What organ system would include the thyroid gland and pancreas?
What organ system would include the heart and blood vessels?
What organ system is responsible for coordination and integration of bodily functions as well as detecting changes inside and outside the body?
Which decade of life are the first signs of aging usually noticeable?
If a boy was standing on his head, his mouth would be _________ to his nose
During a race, the body temperatures of a runner increases. The runner responds by perspiring, which lowers body temperatures. This process is an example of a....
Negative feedback mechanism
The serous membrane that lines the wall of the abdominal cavity is called the ----. The membrane that covers the surface of the abdominopelvic organs is called the----.
Parietal peritoneum; visceral peritoneum
The knee is ____ to the ankle.
The human body gains energy by _____food via the mouth. Food is then broken down to basic chemicals through the process of ________. In the small intestines, the chemicals from food enter the body. This process is called ______. These chemicals are transported through the blood to the cells of the body in a process called _______. The cells will use these chemicals, along with oxygen, to gain energy in a process known as _____. Some cells will use these chemicals to build new and more complex chemicals in a process known as _______. Finally, not all substances taken into the body are used. The body can get rid of unabsorbed materials and waste produced by metabolic reactions in a process called _______.
The _____ system consist of hair, nails, skin, and sweat glands.
The human body undergoes changes with the passage of time a process called____.
A structure is ___ to another if it is located farther from the attachment of an appendage to the trunk
The structures within cells that carry out specific activities are called ____.
The lungs are ___ to the heart.
What is the term for the solution found within a cell?
The region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs is called the ____.
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