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Abeka Grade 10 Biology Test 9
Terms in this set (77)
a large geographic region identified by its climax vegetation and distinctive animal life
sudden outburst of living things of great variety in the fossil record, showing no evidence of evolution
This is NOT one of the three main groups into which mammals are divided based on how they reproduce.
the principle that animals or plants well suited to their environment are more likely to survive than organisms poorly suited to their environment
Which British naturalist was primarily responsible for popularizing the idea that all life evolved from a common ancestor?
belief that living things can arise from nonliving things
What is the stiff quill of a feather?
In what region of an egg yolk does the embryo develop?
What heat sensitive organs allow some viperids to "see" warm objects in absolute darkness?
What slender, burrowing, wormlike amphibians lack legs and are seldom seen by man?
This is NOT a characteristic common to all vertebrates.
Variety within kinds has definite limits; natural selection acts to preserve existing kinds; and transitional forms would be unfit to survive.
Why is natural selection unable to produce new kinds?
What French scientist conclusively demonstrated that not even the simplest organisms can develop from nonliving matter?
What term refers to the "occupation" or function of an organism in an ecosystem?
What odd toed hoofed mammal resembles a pig with a long snout or short trunk?
all organisms are composed of cells or cell products and that all cells come from preexisting cells
Which fully human "human ancestor" was named after the cave where the fossils were first found?
What group of mammals includes dogs, cats, weasels, and seals?
How many chambers does an amphibian heart have?
What is the longest venomous snake?
What ant-eating mammal is covered with protective plates made of fused hair bundles?
This primate has a tail.
What of group of birds includes pheasants, grouse, and turkeys?
What of group of birds includes ducks, geese, herons, and storks?
birds of prey
What of group of birds includes eagles, hawks, falcons, and vultures?
What of group of birds includes ostriches, emus, and kiwis?
What of group of birds includes songbirds?
Living factors in the environment are _______ factors.
the two species of rare, lizardlike reptiles found only in New Zealand and the surrounding islands
annually moving to a different region
The soft, fluffy _______ feathers are close to a bird's body and serve as lightweight insulation.
A snake venom that primarily affects the blood is a ______.
the place where an organism lives
the voice box of a bird
unlearned knowledge that an animal possess from birth
gnawing mammals with two pairs of sharp, chisel-like incisors
Chinese giant salamander
largest living amphibian
largest living turtles
animals that bring forth live young from eggs hatched within the mother's body
organisms that feed on decaying organic matter but cannot break it down into soil components
the upper shell of a turtle
pigment cells in the skin of an amphibian
Mammals feed their young milk produced by ______ glands made of specialized epithelial cells.
The area between the highest and lowest tides along the coast is the _______ zone.
an animal that regulates its temperature by external factors, so that its temperature fluctuates with its surroundings
Mammals exhibit the type of symmetry known as _________.
even-toed ungulates such as cattle, sheep, and deer
northern coniferous forest
the biome characterized by harsh winters, fairly long summers, and little or no permafrost
the simple to complex sequence that evolution predicts should appear in the fossil record
a tentative, untested solution to a scientific problem
the type of snake locomotion in which a snake moves the front part of its body forward, coils it slightly to anchor it, and then pulls the back part forward
Father of Anatomy, who wrote "Fabrica"
In a controlled experiment, all factors are identical except the one being tested, which is the _______.
The heart of a bird has ______ chambers.
The classification used to describe one organism's feeding relationship to other organisms in its ecosystem is its _________.
the philosophy that promotes the idea that the universe consists of nothing but matter and energy and has not spiritual or supernatural aspects
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Dutch naturalist who devoted his life to microscopy
venomous snakes with long fangs that fold against the roof of the mouth when not in use
venomous snakes with immovable fangs in the front of the upper jaw
group of snakes that includes boas, anacondas, and pythons
includes iguanas, geckos, Komodo dragons, and chameleons
large, thick-skinned, long-tailed aquatic reptiles
the process by which an immature larva transforms into an adult
a lobe-finned fish that evolutionists considered a transitional form between fish and amphibians until live specimens were discovered in the 1930's
Some hoofed mammals have _______, hollow head structures made of bone covered in a thin layer of epidermal cells.
The transparent "third eyelid" that allows a bird or reptile to "Blink" and moisten its cornea without obstructing its vision is the nictitating membrane.
an animal that is able to run or swim almost immediately after hatching
routes that migrating birds follow year after year
The process in which bird eggs are kept warm (usually by an adult bird sitting on them) so that the young birds will develop properly in the eggs is _________.
the aquatic adult forms of various members of the family Salamandridae
A relationship between two species in which both species benefit.
Adult mudpuppies (a type of salamander) live in the water and breathe with gills. What is this condition called?
Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in occurs in the lungs.
This is true of the bird respiratory system.
Birds do not have teeth for chewing food.
This is why a bird needs a gizzard.
How are birds described based on the way in which their young are nourished and brought forth?
Which sense of a snake would be most strongly affected by an injury that damaged the Jacobson's organ?
Territoriality allows birds to feed and reproduce with minimal interference.
This is why territoriality is important to birds.
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