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49 terms

Hinduism

STUDY
PLAY
No
is there a known founder of hinduism?
4,000 or 5,000 BCE
When was the beginning of islam?
3rd
Hinduism is the ____ largest religion in the World today.
95%
What percent of India is hindu?
900 million
How many hindu's?
Nepal, Fiji, Britain, and India
What countries have hindu's?
Tolerance diversity flexibility
Hunduism is based on _________, _________, and _____________.
Umbrella Religion
Encompasses and absorbs almost all religions
Brahman
Ever growing, transcendental force, ULTIMATE REALITY
Temporary
Humans and creatures are __________ forms of Brahman
The ultimate goal
Most people are blinded by the illusions of this world and do not realize life is like a prison that separates us from union with Brahman
Vedas
Foundational Writing-Means wisdom/knowledge
Rig Veda
Oldest foundational writing
Rishis
Foundational writings composed by seers called ______ who 'heard' the sacred word
Upanishads
Means 'sitting at the feet of' a mentor
Record dialogues
Between teaches and students reflecting the nature of the divine
Bhagavad Gita
Krishna visits Arjuna and instructs him to keep fighting
Moral
Must do your duty in life
Dharma
your duty, eternal and universal law, doing what is ethical right, applies to all living beings
Foundational Choice
God is a transcendent spiritual reality we cannot comprehend we can keep silent about God or we can induldge in ordinary in ordinary forms of expression about God knowing they will never be adequate.
Brahma
GOD The creator
Vishnu
GOD the sustainer of life
Shiva
GOD the destroyer
Avatars
Earthly incarnations of Gods. come at critical times to help humanity
10
how many avatars are there for vishnu
Ganesha
GOD the son of shiva, remover of obstacles, helps with transitions
Lakshmi
FEMALE GOD often wife of vishnu as avatar
Dharma sources
Divine scripture, sacred traditions, wisest member of society, conscience
Atman
Divisible and indestructible spiritual center of each being. the ultimate self or soul/spirit
Samsara
Reincarnation cycle of birth death and rebirth of soul
Karma
Action done has spiritual consequences in this life or the next. only human action matters
Moksha
Means liberation from the endless cycles of rebirth, hope of salvation joining with God, salvation is based on various paths of mehods of yoga
Karma Yoga
YOGA: action, proper ritual and ethical acts, letting go ends
Jnana Yoga
YOGA: Knowledge of the unity of all reality, study scriptures
Bhakti yoga
YOGA: Devotion to participation in unity with god
Raja Yoga
YOGA: Meditation
Ashrama
4 stages of life
Student
First stage of ASHRAMA. Student 12-24, learn sacred texts and rituals from a GURU
Householder
Second stage of ASHRAMA. Marry and raise family
Forest
Third stage of ASHRAMA. Dweller, 40's, seek solitude an inward spirituality
Wandering holy man
AKA: SANNYASI. third stage of ASHRAMA. renounce family and materialism in old age.
Men
Only ___ can complete stages
Sannyasi Stage
Life stage often travel and beg
Om or Aum
Message of the one ultimate reality in universe, reverberating in all things
Bindi or bindu
Red dot on forehead, mark of the 3rd eye of spirituality, today more decorative
Swastika
stands for purity of the soul or truth and is still used today. nazis changed meaning to radical purity
Ethical living
Quality of ones intentions matter, one must complete one's dharma, personal justice and righteousness are cardinal values. wealth, material success, status and power should use them to help others. AHISMSA. Respect
Cow
This animal is SACRED and PROTECTED as a reminder of din=vinity
Ahimsa
Meaning non injury or non violence