25 terms

Mesopotamia Flash Cards

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city-state
an independent city plus the surrounding farmland
empire
many different lands united under one government or leader
Mesopotamia
the land between the rivers
cuneiform
world's first writing system; wedge-shaped writing
Tigris and Euphrates
two rivers that form the outside border of Mesopotamia
Fertile Crescent
arc of good farmland in SW Asia
Sumer
first civilization in Mesopotamia
irrigation
system used to carry water from a river to crop fields
Hammurabi's Code
set of 282 laws written by a king of Babylon
polytheism
belief in many gods
city wall
each city-state was surrounded by this for protection
ziggurat
Sumerian temple
Nebuchadnezzar
king who ruled the Chaldeans and built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon
stylus
early writing tool used to make cuneiform
scribe
a professional writer in the ancient world
wheel
Sumerian invention that improved land trade
domestication
the taming of wild animals to be used by humans
agriculture
farming
King Sargon of Akkad
King who conquered Sumer and created the world's first empire
Phoenicians
Civilization known for trading on the Mediterranean Sea
Assyrians
Civilization known for being fierce and cruel soldiers who conquered many lands
Hittites
Civilization known for creating iron weapons and the chariot
Sumerians
Civilization known for creating the wheel and the world's first writing system
barter
trade of one thing for another without using money
famine
widespread lack of food that leads to starvation