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16 terms

Essential Biology: Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
science
Any method of learning about the natural world that follows the scientific method.
biology
the scientific study of life
Hypothesis-driven science
the process of scientific inquiry that uses the steps of the scientific method to answer questions about nature
Deductive reasoning (hypothesis)
determining a general statement from several facts
Hypothesis
A tentative explanation that a scientist proposes for a specific phenomenon that has been observed
Experiment
A test under controlled conditions that are made to demonstrate a known truth, examine the validity of a hypothesis, or determine the efficacy of something previously untried.
Control
A component of the process of science whereby a scientist carries out two parallel tests, an experimental test and a control by one factor, the variable
Theory
a widely accepted explanatory idea that is broad in
Ecosystem
All the organisms in a given area, along with the nonliving (Abiotic) factors with which they interact; a biological community and its physical environment
Community
An assemblage of all the organisms living together and potentially interacting in a particular environment
Populations
A group of interacting individuals belonging to one species and living in the same geographic area.
Organisms
an individual living thing
organ system
A group of organs that work
organ
A structure consisting of several tissues adapted as a group to perform specific functions
tissue
An integrated group of similar cells that perform a specific function within a multicellular organism
cell
A basic unit of living matter separated from its environment by a plasma membrane