Upgrade to remove ads
1101 Interrogation Process
Terms in this set (23)
The primary purpose is to obtain information which will further an investigation
Identify the purpose of an interrogation.
1.] Obtaining information concerning the guilt or innocence of a suspect
2.] Obtaining a confession from a guilty suspect
3.] Inducing a subject to make admissions
4.] Learning facts and circumstances surrounding a crime
5.] Learning the existence and locations of physical evidence
6.] Learning the identity of accomplices
7.] Developing information which will lead to the fruits of the crime
8.] Developing additional leads for the investigation
9.] Discovering the details of any other crimes in which the suspect may have participated in
Other purposes of interrogation include:
custody + interrogation =
a fact finding process with people who have knowledge (witnesses, complainants, subjects, etc.)
An interview is
the questioning of a suspect with facts that match the offense
An interrogation is
when questioning becomes direction accusatorial towards the subject/suspect
Identify at what point an interview can become an interrogation and the procedures to follow when this occurs.
A declaration regarding the facts of an incident
An incrimination statement that indicates, but does not acknowledge, guilt
Direct acknowledgement of guilt on the part of the accused
For maximum success in detecting deception from nonverbal communication during an interrogation, the interrogator needs to be in the proper position to observe the suspect's:
a "custodial interrogation"
The Miranda warning is required only during
Suspect in jail for one offense when questioned about another offense.
Suspect questioned in his own room in a house; was told he was under arrest that he could not leave the room
Suspect questioned in his own home by officer holding a warrant for his arrest.
it is a Custodial (Miranda warning required) interview when:
1.] Suspect was interviewed in his own home in a "relaxed atmosphere".
2.] Suspect agreed to meet officers at police station; was told that he was not under arrest and was free to leave at the end of the interview.
3.] Suspect voluntarily came to police station; was told that he was not under arrest, and was allowed to go home after the interview.
4.] Drunken driving suspect was subjected to routine traffic stop and asked to perform field sobriety test.
5.] The suspect, who had been injured in an automobile accident, was questioned by a police officer while being detained at the scene by an ambulance driver.
6.] Suspect was detained briefly on the street by an officer for investigation.
7.] Suspect was the target of a court-ordered wiretap.
it is a Noncustodial (Miranda warning not required) when:
1.] Privacy: Interruptions damage the interrogator's concentration and bring the suspect unintentional relief.
2. Simplicity: Distractions in an interrogation room will affect the suspect's train of thought. They should be focused on you.
3.] Technical aids: It is often desirable to either record the interrogation, or to have assistance nearby
What are the guidelines for an interrogation?
1.] General Knowledge and Interest: Both of the subject/suspect and the facts of the case.
2.] Alertness: To analyze the suspect and be ready to adapt.
3.] Perseverance: Patience is necessary to obtain complete and accurate information.
4.] Integrity: Don't make any promises you can't keep, and keep all promises that you make.
5.] Logic: Develop a plan for questioning ahead of time.
6.] Observation and Interpretation: "Size-up" the individual and note the reactions to questions.
7.] Self-Control: Don't lose your temper or become emotional.
To inspire full confidence, the interrogator must be prepared with the following qualifications:
You are the suspect's friend and between the two of you "you are going to straighten things out".
1.] The Helpful Advisor:
You will give the suspect a chance to help himself. For the sake of his entire family and his own conscience.
2.] The Sympathetic Brother:
Used in multiple offense crimes. You are only concerned with the major offense(s), but act interested in the minor offenses.
3.] Greater and Lesser Guilt:
Create the impression that you have an unlimited amount of knowledge (evidence) and it is futile to resist confessing.
4.] Knowledge Bluff:
Used when there are accomplices. Separate the suspects and convince him the other has confessed, or blaming him for everything.
5.] Bluff or Split Pair:
Ask a series of questions in a routing manner, as if you already know the answer. Answer some of the questions for the suspect to see if he agrees or disagrees. Pause or look skeptical when you don't think the suspect is being truthful.
6.] Questioning as a Formality:
State that you already have enough evidence to charge the suspect and you don't care why he did it. Treat the interrogation as only a formality. Possibly hold a piece of evidence in your hand, or have the interrogation interrupted with a message delivery of new findings in the case
7.] Availability of Physical Evidence:
How many different styles or approaches that can be used in interrogations?
This set is often in folders with...
1117 Auto Theft investigation
1118 - Criminal Intelligence
1102 Informant Use
1119 Arson and Explosives Investigation
Other sets by this creator
1120 Jurisdiction Specific Investigation: Firearms
1116 Bad Check Investigation
1115 Sexual Investigation
1202 Interviewing Skills
Other Quizlet sets
Differences between cities, towns and villages
D073 Best Practices in Management
Week 3 Exam