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126 terms

Medical Terminology - Skin

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biopsy
the removal of a small piece of living tissue for examination
carcinoma
a malignant and invasive epithelial tumor
cryosurgery
Use of liquid nitrogen or argon gas in a probe to freeze and kill abnormal tissue
cutaneous
Pertaining to the skin
dermatology
medical specialty concerned with disorders of the skin
bi -
life
-opsy
to view
carcin-
cancer
cutan/e
skin
dermato/o
skin
logist
one who studies
surg-
operate
eti/o
cause
-crete
separate
excretion
Removal of waste products of metabolism
integument-
covering of the body
-gnosis
knowledge
secret-
produce
-thesis
to organize, arrange
-thet-
arrange organize
vas/o
blood vessel
-constrict-
narrow
-dilat-
widen, open up
adip-
fat
-alges
sensation of pain
derm-
skin
-dermis
skin
-derm
skin
kerat-
hard protein
mealn-
black pigment
sebac/e
wax
cutan/e
skin
dermis
connective tissue layer beneath the epidermis
epidermis
top layer of the skin
hypodermis
loose connective tissue layer of skin below the dermis
intradermal
within the dermis
subcutaneious
below the skin
atopic or atopy
state of hypersensitivity to an allergen
excoriate
to scratch
pruitus
itching
pruit-
itch
antipruitic
medication against itching
seborrhea
excessive amounts of sebum
stasis
stagnation in the flow of the body fluid
atopic dermatitis
allergic dermatitis
stasis dermatitis
occurs in the lower leg when varicose veins slow the return of blood and the accumulation of fluid interferes with the nouishment of the skin
malignant melanoma
least dangerous form of skin cancer.
pressure or decubitus ulcurs
sore cased by lying down for long periods of time
-cubitus
lying down
de-
from
nevus
an congenital lesion - birthmarks, moles, etc...
macule
small flat spot
papule
pimple
malign-
harmful, bad
mestastasize
To spread to distant parts
nevi
Plural for nevus
tinea
skin infections caused by fungi
tinea pedis
athletes foot
tinea captis
infection of scalp - fingworm
tinea cruris
jock itch
mucocutaneious candidiasis
thrush
parasite
...
pediculosis
lice disease
scabies
skin diseases produced by mites
louse / lice(pl)
impetigo
impetigo
infection of the skin producing thick yellow discharge
pedicul-
lousedermamyositis
kaposi sarcoma
psorisis
rosacea
scleroderma
symptom
symptomatic
sign
...
systemic lupus erythematosus
inflammatory connective tissue disease affecting the whole body
scleroderma
thickening and hardeing of the skin
erythemat
redness
acne
greek-point
androgen
...
andr/o
male
comedo
latin
cyst
cystic
abnormal fluid filled sac surrounded by a membrane
pustule
small protuberance on the skin containing pus
scar
fibrotic seam that forms when the wound heals
alopecia
partial loss of hair
cuticle
nonliving epidermis at base of fingernails and toenails
matrix
(latin - mother) - the formative portion of hair, nail or tooth
onchomycosis
conditon of a fungal infection in a nail
onch/o
nail
para
alongside
ia
condition
myc
fungus
onycho
nail
osis
condition
inflammation
...
flammat-
flame
scald
wash in hot water
shock
to clash
allograft
skin graft from another person or a cadaver
allo-
other
-graft
transplant
autograft
a graft removed from the patient's own skin
cadaver
a dead body or corpse
debridement
the removal of injured or necrotic tissue
eschar
the burnt tissue lying on the top of third degree burns
heterograft
a graft from a different species - not human
homograft
skin graft from another person or cadaver
regenerate
reconsitution of a lost part
xenograft
a graft from another species not human)
xeno-
foreign
-graft
transplant
-gener-
produce
-graft-
transplant
hetero-
different
-bride-
rubbish
de-
take away
abdominoplasty
abdominal fat removal
abrasion
area of skin or mucous membranes that has been scraped off
blepharoplasty
surgical repair of the eyelid
blephar/o
eyelid
-plasty
surgical repair
clot
mass of fibrin and cells that is produced in a wound
dermabrasion
remover of upper layers of the skin by rotary brush
granulation
new fibrous tissue formed during wound healing
incision
a cut or a surgical wound
excision
surgical removal of part of all of a structure
keloid
raised, irregular, lumpy scar due to excess collagen fiber production during healing of a wound
laceration
a tear or jagged wound of the skin- caused by blunt trauma
lipectomy
surgical removal of fat
liposuction
surgical removal of fat via suction