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RADT 1001 (Ch. 13 & 14)
Terms in this set (39)
direction of x-ray beam from front to back
Substances or structures not naturally present but of which an authentic image appears on an image
any projection not at right angles to the long axis of an anatomic structure
Recognition of and entering into the feelings of another person
act of bending or condition of being bent
pertaining to the treatment of the aged
act of rendering immovable
pertaining to the branch of medicine that treats children
sole of the foot
relation of harmony and accord between two persons
hindrance of an action (movement)
wound or injury
foundation on which a body rests or stands; when people stand, their feet and the space between the feet define this
base of support
a component of physics, the laws of newtonian mechanics, applied to living bodies at rest and in motion
hypothetical point around which all mass appears to be concentrated
center of gravity
items clipped, fastened, or affixed to patients' bodies to deliver substances, such as oxygen, medications, hydration, or nutrition, or drain away substances, such as postsurgical fluids or urine. care must be taken when moving or positioning patients with these attachments. neither the patient nor the clinician should get injured during this activity. the equipment should also survive intact without damage or functional impairment
commonly attached medical equipment
muscles that are found in the four extremities and designed for movement
exs include the bicep femoris, biceps brachii, and gastrocnemius. (these muscles have long white tendons and are also called white muscles)
a sudden drop in blood pressure in the brain when a person stands up quickly from a sitting supine position, causing the oxygen in the brain to drop and the person to become dizzy and prone to falling
muscles that support the torso and are designed to provide postural stability
exs. include the latissimus dorsi, abdominal group, and erector spinae. (these muscles tend to have thick red muscle bellies and are also called red muscles)
what is the foundation on which a body rests?
base of support
where is the human center of gravity located?
at approximately sacral level 2
what are 3 methods that can be used to move patient from a wheelchair to an examination table?
pivot, assisted standing, standby assist
Toward which side should all transfers be initiated?
patient's strong side
what causes patients to feel lightheaded, queasy, or faint when they stand up quickly from a sitting or supine position?
what term describes the hypothetical point around which all appears to be concentrated?
center of gravity
If a patient arrives in a wheelchair and on a sling, which type of transfer is indicated?
How can the base of support be increased?
standing with legs apart
what is the minimum number of persons to use for a cart-to-table transfer when no moving devices are available?
voluntary motion is under the control of the ___________
the most important communication that occurs in a radiology department takes place between the radiographer and the ______________
A key component to effective communication with a patient is establishing __________
what is the most commonly used immobilization device?
what might be used to immobilize a patient for an upright lateral chest radiograph ?
what is an example of a spinal trauma immobilization device?
When is removing a cervical collar permissible?
after the physician has reviewed the images and determined it is safe
which immobilization device is radiopaque?
The Pigg-O-Stat is an immobilization device used for which pediatric examination?
One of the greatest fears of a geriatric patient is ______________
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Physics test 1 (ch1-3)
Chapter 4 - Upper Extremities
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