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A&P II - Practical Exam 2
Terms in this set (58)
Body Cavities and Endocrine System
The diaphragm is a physical separation between the abdominal and pelvic cavities.
False -> ???
This body cavity does not have a bony protection.
The spinal cord is found in this body cavity.
These two organs are found in the thorax.
Heart & Lungs
Damage to this serous membrane can cause the lungs to collapse.
The parietal pleura lines the _____
This organ is found in the thoracic cavity.
This serous membrane lines the walls of the abdominal cavity and covers its organs.
Which of the following is a correct pairing of a body cavity with its contents?
The cavity at C contains the lungs.
The ventral cavity includes which of the indicated subdivisions in the figure?
C (thoracic) and D & E (abdominopelvic cavities)
What is the mediastinum?
A subdivision of the cavity indicated by the letter C.
The urinary bladder, found in the ________ region of the abdominopelvic cavity, is evenly divided between the two ________ abdominopelvic quadrants.
________ is found in the right hypochondriac region.
Pericardium surrounds the ________.
It is useful to divide this body cavity into quadrants for study because it is large and contains many organs.
The stomach is found primarily in the ________ quadrant of the abdominopelvic cavity.
Of the nine regions used by anatomists to divide the abdominopelvic cavity, this one is most superior and medial.
A patient has been diagnosed with appendicitis. Use anatomical terminology to describe the location of the person's pain. Assume that the pain is localized to the surface of the body above the organ.
Right inguinal region
Which specific body cavity would be opened to perform a hysterectomy?
An abdominal hernia results when weakened muscles allow the protrusion of abdominal structures. In one type of abdominal hernia, parts of a serous membrane and the small intestine form the bulge. Which serous membrane is involved?
In anatomical position, the ________.
feet are slightly apart, and the toes point forward
The dorsal body cavity can be divided into the __________ cavity, which contains the brain, and the __________ cavity, which contains the spinal cord.
The ________ surface of the human body faces forward.
Which type of section passes through the cranial, vertebral (spinal), thoracic, and abdominopelvic cavities?
An __________ gland is a ductless gland that empties its hormone into the extracellular fluid, from which it enters the blood.
The pituitary gland, also known as the __________, is located in the sella turcica of the sphenoid bone.
The __________ gland is composed of two lobes and located in the throat, just inferior to the larynx.
This gland is rather large in an infant, begins to atrophy at puberty, and is relatively inconspicuous by old age. It produces hormones that direct the maturation of T cells. It is the __________ gland.
__________ form the endocrine portion of the pancreas.
The anterior pituitary gland is also referred to as the master endocrine gland because it controls the activity of many other endocrine glands.
Which of these glands is responsible for regulating minerals in the body but is also part of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system?
What hormone released into the blood by the posterior pituitary would reduce the amount of urine that is formed?
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Where are the hormones oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone (ADH) stored?
Axon terminals of neurons of the hypothalamic-hypophyseal tracts; of the inferior hypophyseal artery.
This gland produces the hormone calcitonin.
This gland is located in the cranial cavity and produces the hormone melatonin.
The hormone glucagon ________.
Raises blood glucose
This hormone is the major controller of blood calcium on a day-to-day basis.
Hyposecretion of insulin, or a deficiency in insulin receptors leads to ________.
Tropic hormones from the anterior pituitary include ________.
LH, FSH, ACTH, and TSH
Connected by a stalk called the infundibulum, this region of the brain is intimately associated with the pituitary gland and its hormones.
Action potentials from hypothalamic neurons cause the release of this hormone.
Blood borne factors (e.g. ions, glucose, amino acids) cause the release of all of these hormones except ________.
This endocrine gland sits atop the kidneys. Its innermost portion releases the hormone epinephrine.
What gland makes growth hormone?
Hormones released from this gland include ADH and oxytocin.
Melatonin, a hormone made by this gland, controls our diurnal (daily) cycle.
Which hormones are produced by the parathyroid gland?
The adrenal cortex produces the hormones ________.
aldosterone, cortisol, and androgens
These hormones pass through the hypophyseal portal system to act on cells of the anterior pituitary gland.
releasing or inhibiting hormones
This hormone stimulates uterine contractions during birth and causes milk ejection in the lactating mother.
The function of this hormone is to stimulate growth, particularly of long bones and muscle.
This adrenal cortex hormone is involved in regulation of salt and water balance.
Which of the cell types would secrete their product if the blood glucose level was rising, as during digestion of a meal?
Which of the cell types would secrete their product if the body was under stress, as during an intense workout?
Which cells of the pancreas produce insulin?
These hormones are produced in the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex. They help the body resist long-term stressors.
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