hw 24

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Terms in this set (...)

Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria Hungary assassinated by a Serbian in 1914. His murder was one of the causes of WW I.
Kaiser William II
Germany. Dismissed Bismarck in 1890. Did not renew Bismarck's treaty with Russia and "Forced" Russia to look for another ally, France.
Gavrilo Princip
..., The assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, a member of the Black Hand
Georges Clemenceau
An effective and almost dictator-like leader of France, who would not take defeat as an answer
Woodrow Wilson
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
Vittorio Orlando
He was the Italian representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.
David Lloyd George
Britain's prime minister at the end of World War I whose goal was to make the Germans pay for the other countries' staggering war losses
General John Pershing
General of the American Expeditionary Force in WWI
Marshal Ferdinand Foch
Commander of the Allied forces who ordered attacks along a line from Verdun to the North Sea. He made the crucial move of the forces to the area between the Meuse River and the Argonne Forest.
Militarism
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
"Tangled" Alliances
a formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes.
Imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Schlieffen Plan
A strategy drawn up by Germany to avoid fighting a war on two fronts
trench warfare
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
Zimmerman Telegram, Zimmerman note
was a 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire to Mexico to make war against the United States. The proposal was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence. Revelation of the contents outraged American public opinion and helped generate support for the United States declaration of war on Germany in April.
poison gas
Introduced by the Germans and was used by both sides during the war; caused vomiting, blindness, and suffocation
machine gun
-was a huge invention as it provided a weapon that could fire hundreds of rounds per minut
tank
A Japanese poem of five lines, the first and third composed of five syllables and the rest of seven.
airplane
A powered heavier-than-air aircraft with fixed wings from which the aircraft derives most of its lift.
U-Boats
German submarines
Lusitania
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
unrestricted submarine warfare
When Germans announced resumption of unrestricted submarine, US broke off diplomatic ties, and later declared war on Germany
Total War
A war that involves the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields.
propaganda
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
Triple Alliance
Alliance among Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy at the end of the 19th century; part of European alliance system and balance of power prior to World War I.
Triple Ententé
A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
Alliance System
A formal agreement between two or more nations or powers to cooperate and come to one another's defense
Allied Powers
Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during World War II.
Mandate System
Allocation of former German colonies and Ottoman possessions to the victorious powers after World War I, to be administered under League of Nations supervision.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
A signed agreement between Russia and the Central Powers when Russia withdrew from the War. Russia surrendered Poland, the Ukraine and other territory.
Armistice
A state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Central Powers
Austria-Hungary, Germany, Ottoman Empire
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
reparations
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.