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1102 Informant Use
Terms in this set (16)
Experience has shown that the cooperation of individuals who can furnish accurate information to law enforcement agencies is indispensable to effective law enforcement in a community.
Identify the importance of informants to law enforcement.
1.] Unknown informant: Identity is never known
2.] Known informant: Identity is known
3.] Confidential informant: Identity is known to no one but the officer who works with the informant. Identity is kept confidential
Identify the different classifications of informants.
How many classes of informants are there?
1.] Fear of trouble with the law
2.] Is awaiting court action and will cooperate with police so that cooperation will be brought to the attention of the court.
1.] Dealing with the police is better than dealing with their associates.
2.] Usually expect protection from their associates in return for information.
Fear of associates
1.] Inform to gain revenge on someone
2.] Should get all possible information as quickly as possible before informant again becomes friendly with the suspect and stops informing
1.] Inform for personal gain
2.] Would include informants working strictly for money
3.] Would also include informants passing information with the intent of eliminating competition
1.] Informs to enhance his ego
2.] Magnify their own importance by giving bits of information about criminal activity
3.] Informant wants to play both sides to be well thought of by all concerned.
Criminals or their representatives who deliberately give false and misleading information and throw suspicion away from themselves.
1.] Desires to atone or repay society for wrongs done.
2.] Wants to clean up their act by getting rid of associates
3.] Is usually an accomplish
4.] Has a change of heart
Repentance or reform motives
1.] Feel that it is their duty as a citizen to make the police aware of a problem in their neighborhood
2.] Crime blocker is an example
Civic duty or concern motives
How many different major motives are there that lead informants to cooperate with law enforcement
1.] Officer conducts a search of informant's person and clothing to establish that the informant does not possess narcotics or any potential evidence.
2.] The informant is given marked money for the buy.
3.] Signed receipts are sometimes used.
4.] The informant is transported to the scene by the officer.
5.] The evidence is seized by the officer after the buy is completed.
What are the steps of a controlled buy?
1.] The informant makes the initial introduction of an undercover officer to a violator who will not deal with outsiders.
2.] The informant passes the officer off as a fellow felon or a criminal or potential one.
3.] Acceptance of the undercover officer is primarily predicted upon the informant's relationship with the violator.
4.] Once accepted, the undercover officer attempts to gain the violator's confidence and work himself into the hierarchy of the organization.
5.] Takes time
6.] Can be very dangerous
What are the steps for when an informant provides police entry into illegal operations?
1.] Follow your department regulations and guidelines relating to informants and their use.
2.] Develop your own informants- A high percentage of law violators, suspects, and associates of these people are potential informers, if the appropriate motivating factors can be identified and stimulated by the investigator. The officer should evaluate each person encountered in his/her work for practicality of developing an informer.
Identify the major guidelines for the officer-informant relationship.
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