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50 terms

Elite SAT Vocab AB 451-475

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ovation
enthusiastic and lengthy applause
demagogue
a leader who obtains power by appealing to the emotions and passions of the people
foment
to stir up negative feelings, especially those that lead to violent actions
goad
to prod or urge; as if with a pointed stick; n. a long stick used to prod animals; something used to urge on
tantalize
to torment or tease by showing something desirable while keeping it out of reach
cordial
warm and friendly; hearty
adorn
add beauty; to decorate
scribe
a professional copyist of manuscripts and documents, especially in ancient times
fastidious
not easy to please; very critical or discriminating
purport
to claim, especially falsely
circumscribe
to define the limits of
foliage
leaves
complacent
too pleased with oneself; self-satisfied
etiquette
the forms of behavior of polite society
morbid
gruesome; awful
inhibit
to hold back
subjective
based on personal experience or feeling, not from external evidence
ensue
to happen subsequently
heinous
extremely wicked; abominable
urbane
sophisticated
induce
to influence, especially by persuasion; to bring about; to infer by inductive reasoning
debonair
easy and carefree in manner
etymology
the study of the origins of words
stoic
apparently indifferent to joy, grief, pleasure, or pain
plethora
an excessive amount
conceit
a fanciful idea or image, especially an exaggerated poetic comparison; an extravagant construction
catastrophe
disaster; sudden misfortune
variegated
distinctly marked with different colors; diverse
carouse
to participate in a loud, drunken party
vertiginous
causing dizziness, as from spinning or heights
encomium
high praise
expound
to explain in detail
dogma
a specific set of ideas or beliefs, especially religious or asserted to be absolutely true
bereaved
suffering the loss of a loved one
predilection
a preference
brevity
briefness
tumult
a great commotion or uproar
effervescent
giving off gas bubbles; showing high spirits or excitement
outmoded
no longer in fashion
defunct
having ceased to exist or live
vindictive
seeking revenge; marked by a desire to hurt
calamity
an event causing extreme trouble or misery
contentious
always ready to argue; quarrelsome
rationalize
to come up with self-satisfying but incorrect excuses
underscore
to emphasize
vitiate
to make faulty or impure; to spoil
undermine
to weaken
wallow
to roll about lazily, in or as if in water, snow or mud; to revel
ostensible
outwardly appearing as such
perennial
lasting through the years