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SUMMER SCHOOL REVIEW DAY 1
Terms in this set (72)
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
a set of things that people believe they should be free to do without restrictions
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions.
Haitian Revolution (1791-1804)
Slave revolt began in 1791
a. slaves burned down the sugar cane plantations
a.Haiti becomes an independent black republic and abolishes slavery.
b. Inspires further slave revolts.
c. Haiti is forced to pay reparations for the plantations and slaves to France. Debt totals 20 billion US dollars
Latin American Revolutions
Series of risings in the Spanish colonies of Latin America (1810-1826) that established the independence of new states from Spanish rule but that for the most part retained the privileges of the elites despite efforts at more radical social rebellion by the lower classes.
French Revolution (1789)
Reacting to the oppressive aristocracy, the French middle and lower classes overthrew the king and asserted power for themselves in a violent and bloody revolution. This uprising was inspired by America's independence from England and the Enlightenment ideas.
Group of the most wealthy and privileged
A government in which power is in the hands of a single person (king or queen)
Rule of Law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
A reference to the political events of 1688-1689, when James II abdicated (gave up) his throne and was replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband, Prince William of Orange.
A document which spells out the principles by which a government runs and the fundamental laws that govern a society
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
a forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system.
Declaration of Independence
Signed in 1776 by US revolutionaries; it declared the United States as a free state.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
Adopted August 26, 1789, created by the National Assembly in France to give rights to all (except women).
Declaration of Human Rights
United Nations document that sets forth human rights standards for all nations, listing rights that all humans should have
Black Lives Matter
A group that protests discrimination against African-Americans by the police.
This political revolution began with the Declaration of Independence in 1776 where American colonists sought to balance the power between government and the people and protect the rights of citizens in a democracy.
The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
An assembly that represented the entire French population through three groups, known as estates; King Louis XVI called this in May 1789 to discuss the financial crises.
97% of the population (the rest of France) They consisted of the bourgeoisie, the san-culottes and the peasants; they paid high taxes and had no special privileges
King Louis XVI
King of France, weak leader, executed during the French Revolution
Causes of the French Revolution
1) The economic and financial crisis that led to the calling of the Estates General. 2) The political incompetence of Louis XV and XVI. 3) The unfair taxation between the three estates
Women's March on Versailles
This was the march by the women of Paris to the home of Marie Antoinette in order to demand action for the ridiculous raise in the price of bread
Overthrew the French revolutionary government (The Directory) in 1799 and became emperor of France in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile.
1783-1830, Venezuelan statesman: leader of revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule.
a Spanish and Portuguese term used in 17th and 18th centuries mainly in Spanish America to describe as a whole the mixed-race people which appeared in the post-Conquest period
Descendents of Spanish-born but born in Latin America; resented inferior social, political, economic status.
in Spanish colonial society, colonists who were born in Spain
Causes of Latin American Revolutions
Influenceof Enlightenment ideas; Influence of American and French Revolutions; Rigid class system established by colonial powers; Centralized rule by colonial powers; increase of nationalism; Increasingly educated creole middle class
social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement
a group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.
Colonization based on church and military power. Began as royal colony. Focused on religion.
Rural estates in Spanish colonies in New World; produced agricultural products for consumers in America; basis of wealth and power for local aristocracy.
A major influece of the Latin American revolutions because of its successfulness; the only successful slave revolt in history; it is led by Toussaint L'Ouverture.
Leader of the Haitian Revolution. He freed the slaves and gained effective independence for Haiti despite military interventions by the British and French.
Causes of the Haitian Revolution
-constant slave rebellions
-white planters/gens de couleur united for political/economic interests
-the French Revolution
-Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
gens de couleur
Free men and women of color in Haiti. They sought greater political rights and later supported the Haitian Revolution.
Haitian Constitution 1801
Constitution written by Toussaint L'Ouverture. A lot like the French one but made Catholicism official religion and Toussaint dictator for life. Guaranteed freedom of speech, equality and property
A large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale
Haiti half of island of Hispaniola; where the Toussaint L'Overture revolt occurred
the study of the past
A document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study.
Information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
an outcome or event that a person anticipates or looks forward to
formal written instructions that specify actions to be taken under different circumstances to achieve specific goals
A body of enforceable rules governing relationships among individuals and between individuals and their society.
An agreement between two or more parties that is enforceable
Actions you are expected to carry out
Great increase in machine production that began in England in the 18th century.
the process of taking over and consolidating land formerly shared by peasant farmers
planting a different crop in a different field each year
process of developing machine production of goods
factors of production
Land, Labor and Capital. Needed to produce goods and services.
building where goods are made
city building and the movement of people to cities
social class of skilled workers, professionals, business people and wealthy farmers
Materials such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain
Lowest class in most social class systems, including factory workers, miners, and others.
the method used by a society to produce and distribute goods and services
businesses that are owned by many investors who buy shares of stock
Exchange of goods and services
A system for producing and distributing goods, and services to fulfill people's wants
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
attitudes, values, lifestyles
the use of tools, science and other inventions for practical purposes
division of labor
Division of work into a number of separate tasks to be performed by different workers
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
Alliances of WWI
Allies - in World War I, the group of nations-originally consisting of Great Britain, France , and Russia and later joined by the U.S., Italy, and others-that opposed the Central Powers.
Central Powers -the group of nations-led by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire-that opposed the Allies.
Causes of WWI
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
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