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Pharmacology Unit I exam study guide
Terms in this set (25)
A nurse is assessing the client's home medication use. After listening to the client list of current medications, the nurse asks what priority question?
Do you take any OTC medications?
What classification applies to morphine?
While studying for the test, a nursing student encounters the following drug: ibuprogfin (motrin) what does the nurse identify the name ibuprofin as?
The generic name
A nurse is teaching the client about the use of OTC drugs. Which statement best informs the client about their use?
OTS drugs need to be taken with caution; they can mask the signs and symptoms of an underlying disease and interfere with prescription drug therapy
Which term is used to describe the study of drugs and thier action on living organism.
Which organization is responsible for approving new drugs?
A client is confused and has stated to the nurse, "I wasn't sure whether I'm supposed to take Tylenol or acetaminophen." To best address the client's concern, the nurse should base the response on what information concerning generic and trade name?
A generic name is independent of any particular drug manufacturer
A clients current medication administration record includes a drug that the nurse recognizes as an Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) high-alert medication. This designation signals the nurse to what characteristic of the drug?
Administration errors carry a heightened risk of causing significant harm.
The nurse is caring for an older adult who needs to know that drugs, even when taken correctly, can produce negative or unexpected effects. The nurse should address what topic during health health education?
Which process occurs between the time the drug enters the body and the time that it enters the bloodstream?
Which site is preferred when consideration must be made to identify an exceptionally large surface area for drug absorption?
An older adult client has elevated serum creatinine level. The client is at greatest risk for which medication-related effect?
What is the primary role of protein binding in drug action?
qDecreasing the medications speed of action
The nurse is aware that it requires approx. how many half-lives for a client to excrete a medication from the body
WHich statement accurately describes the concept of a mediations serum half life?
The time needed for the serum level to fall by 50%
A client presents to the ER with a drug level of 50unit/mL. The half-life of this drug is 1 hour. With this drug, concentrations about 25 units/mL are considered toxic and not more drug is given. How many minutes will it take for the blood level to reach the non-toxic range?
Which factor accounts for the increased risk for drug interactions among clients aged 65 years and older?
Physiologic changes affecting all pharmacokinetic processes
A client has been prescribed a medication that is known to be a drug agonist. This drug will have what effect?
This drug will interact directly with receptor sites to cause the same activity that a natural chemical would case at the site
A client with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder has begun lithium therapy. What is the primary rationale for the nurse's instructions regarding the need for regular monitoring of the client's serum drug levels?
It is necessary to ensure that the client's drug levels ae therapeutic but not toxic
A client in medical unit requires pharmacological interventions involving a slow drug action and response. What route of administration is most likely appropriate?
The nurse is preparing to start an IV on a client who requires antibiotic therapy. The client is prescribed an intravenous antibiotic. What is the major advantage of the intravenous route over the enteral route?
The associated infection will be resolved faster
A nurse begins a client interaction by systematically gathering information on the client't care and eventually evaluating the outcomes of care. WHich represents this continuum of care?
Which assessment should be made by the nurse before administering new medication
A clients past medication history
A client has informed the nurse that he has begun supplementing his medication regimen with a series of herbal remedies recommended by his SIL. Which is the more important nursing intervention regarding the safe use of herbal substances?
Research for potential interactions with medications
A nurse, preparing to administer a clients scheduled beta-adrenergic blocker, is aware that the client is receiving this medication for the treatment of hypertension. The nurs ehas addressed which right if safe
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