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Terms in this set (52)
3 parts of urinalysis
chemical, physical, microscopic
4 causes of polyuria
diabetes, excessive fluids, caffeine, diuretics
external opening of the urethra
4 functions of the urinary system
regulate electrolytes and fluid balance, remove wastes, produce urine
normal urine output
function of urethra in females
function of urinary bladder
safety guideline during routine urinalysis
correct identification with picture ID
what happens if urine sample sits more that 30 minutes at room temperature?
what instrument is used to measure density of urine
what structure of urinary system may have microorganisms?
when would a clean catch midstream urine be obtained?
3 reasons why urinalysis may be performed
diagnose pathological conditions, prescribe treatment, screen for disease, evaluate treatment
why must a patient void small amount of urine before giving sample?
flush out microorganisms
PH of most urine is considered to be
PH of urine
7 neutral, < 7=acidic, >7 alkaline
what odor will urine smell like if sitting out?
loop of henli
pulls back useful substances back in urine
contains useful substances like sugar that must be recovered
what substance is normally found in urine?
water, urea, chloride, sodium, potassium, creatinine
positive or negative
result of concentrated urine
Specific gravity > 1.020
what is cloudy urine indictitive of
bile pigments of urine specimen may indicate
urine that is light straw color may indicate
does not contain many dissolved substances
normal color of urine
straw to amber
how should regent strips be stored?
cool dry place
what may be positive is patient has UTI?
what is correct technique when doing urine sample
clean catch, at least 25 mm ideal is 50 ML
measurement of amount of dissolved substances
what may test positive if a patient has hepatitis
confirmatory results are done to
term for having ketone bodies in the urine
when may blood in urine be minimal
hormone present in pregnant women
HcG (human chorionic gonadotropin)
why is first void preferred in the morning?
a urinary culture is done to diagnose
urinary tract infection
examination of the urine to determine the general health of the body
decreased urine output
causes of oliguria
diarrhea, vomiting, excessive sweating
act of voiding
fluid left behind after centrifuging (bottom is sediment)
acidic or alkaline
abnormality where conjugated bilirubin is detected in the urine
tests fecal blood in feces
measures density in a solution
no urine flow
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Medical Laboratory Technology
Medical Laboratory Science
Medical Laboratory Technician
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