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Trinity High School Junior Theology Ms. Kimberly Hogan


As used in the Beatitudes, it means bliss - a reference to the ultimate happiness of Heaven.


Human appetites or desires remain disordered due to the temporal consequences of Original Sin. This remains after Baptism and constitutes an inclination to sin.

Conscientious Objection

A personal appeal that to carry out a particular action that has been ordered by legitimate authority would be against ones own conscience.


The quality of being guilty or deserving punishment for participation in sin.


The premeditation or forethought that weighs ones options before making a moral act.

Doubtful Conscience

Judgment of conscience that occurs when there is doubt about the good or evil of an act done or omitted.


That which is opposed to the moral law and thus entails sin.

Examination of Conscience

Prayerful self-reflection on ones words and deeds in light of the gospel to determine how one has sinned against God. This is necessary to prepare for the Sacrament of Penance.

Freedom of Excellence

The power to act freely in the pursuit of human perfection.

Full Knowledge

The clear and deliberate knowledge of the merit or sinfulness of an action. It is required as a condition before a person can be guilty of sin.

Human Act

An act that is performed with both knowledge and free will. They are either morally good or morally evil.


The lack of knowledge.

Indirect Responsibility

The attribution of a secondary effect that follows as a natural result from the primary effect.

Invincible Ignorance

Ignorance that cannot be overcome by ordinary diligence. The guilt of a sin committed under this is not imputed to the sinner.

Moral Act

Any human act that has a moral content and involves deliberation and choice.

Partial Knowledge

Knowledge that is incomplete due to the presence of some obstacle interfering with a moral judgment.


The ability to discern the most suitable and moral course of action.


The demand for an account of ones acts; it includes accepting the consequences of those acts.

Subjective Morality

Moral standards that are not universal but are decided upon by the individuals involved.

Vincible Ignorance

Lack of knowledge for which a person is morally responsible due to lack of diligence.


Coercion or the application of an external force against a person's will.

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