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21 terms

Morality Chapter 2 - THS Junior Theology

Trinity High School Junior Theology Ms. Kimberly Hogan
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Blessed
As used in the Beatitudes, it means bliss - a reference to the ultimate happiness of Heaven.
Concupiscence
Human appetites or desires remain disordered due to the temporal consequences of Original Sin. This remains after Baptism and constitutes an inclination to sin.
Conscientious Objection
A personal appeal that to carry out a particular action that has been ordered by legitimate authority would be against ones own conscience.
Culpable
The quality of being guilty or deserving punishment for participation in sin.
Deliberation
The premeditation or forethought that weighs ones options before making a moral act.
Doubtful Conscience
Judgment of conscience that occurs when there is doubt about the good or evil of an act done or omitted.
Evil
That which is opposed to the moral law and thus entails sin.
Examination of Conscience
Prayerful self-reflection on ones words and deeds in light of the gospel to determine how one has sinned against God. This is necessary to prepare for the Sacrament of Penance.
Freedom of Excellence
The power to act freely in the pursuit of human perfection.
Full Knowledge
The clear and deliberate knowledge of the merit or sinfulness of an action. It is required as a condition before a person can be guilty of sin.
Human Act
An act that is performed with both knowledge and free will. They are either morally good or morally evil.
Ignorance
The lack of knowledge.
Indirect Responsibility
The attribution of a secondary effect that follows as a natural result from the primary effect.
Invincible Ignorance
Ignorance that cannot be overcome by ordinary diligence. The guilt of a sin committed under this is not imputed to the sinner.
Moral Act
Any human act that has a moral content and involves deliberation and choice.
Partial Knowledge
Knowledge that is incomplete due to the presence of some obstacle interfering with a moral judgment.
Prudence
The ability to discern the most suitable and moral course of action.
Responsibility
The demand for an account of ones acts; it includes accepting the consequences of those acts.
Subjective Morality
Moral standards that are not universal but are decided upon by the individuals involved.
Vincible Ignorance
Lack of knowledge for which a person is morally responsible due to lack of diligence.
Violence
Coercion or the application of an external force against a person's will.