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the process by which medications travel through body tissues until they reach the bloodstream
an oral medication that binds and adsorbs ingested toxins in the gastrointestinal tract for treatment of some poisonings and medication overdoses. charcoal is ground into a very fine powder that provides the greatest possible surface area for binding medications that have been taken by mouth; it is carried on the EMS unit
acetylsalicyclic acid, or ASA. a medication that is an antipyretic (reduces fever), analgesic (reduces pain), anti-inflammatory (reduces inflammation), and potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation (clumping)
conditions that make a particular medication or treatment inappropriate, for example, a condition in which a medication should not be given because it would not help or may actually harm a patient
a medication that increases heart rate and blood pressure but also eases breathing problems by decreasing muscle tone of the bronchiole tree; you may be allowed to help the patient self-administer the medication
the original chemical name of a medication (in contrast with one of its "trade names"); the name is not capitalized
metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
a miniature spray canister through which droplets or particles of medication may be inhaled
a medication that increases cardiac perfusion by causing arteries to dilate; you may be allowed to help the patient self-administer the medication
a simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream; it is carried on the EMS unit
over-the-counter (OTC) medications
medications that may be purchased directly by a patient without a prescription
a gas that all cells need for metabolism; the heart and brain, especially, cannot function without oxygen
medications that are distributed to patients only by pharmacists according to a physician's order
subcutaneous (SC) injection
injection into the tissue between the skin and muscle; a medication delivery route
a mixture of ground particles that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid but do not dissolve
lotions, creams, and ointments that are applied to the surface of the skin and affect only that area; a medication delivery route
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