hemoglobin( HGB )
male 14-18 g/dl
female 12-16 g/dl
male 4.5-6.2 million/mm^3
female 4-5.5 million/mm^3
Prothrombin time (PT)
light blue tube
elevated with any disease or infection
PT - coagulation studies
red tt tube
blood gases, ph studies
hamatology studies, cbc, hgb, Hct
sodium fluoride, potassium oxalate
draw blood with a red or tt tube. Draw enough blood( 2.5 x how much serum you need) then let it sit for 30-45 min to clot. Then centrifuge it for 10-15 min. the serum(plasma with no fibrogin, glucose, sodium, antibodies, hormones) will be on top layer, clotted blood will be on bottom layer
draw blood from lavender, green, grey, light blue tube. Invert each tube 8-10 after draw. Then centrifuge it for 10-15 min. Get 3 layers, plasma (proteins, globulans, electrolights fibrogin), buffy coat (WBC and platelets), packed RBC.
straw colored portion of blood
carries plasma proteins, globulins, electrolytes, fibrinogen
plasma that contains no fibrinogin
contains dissolved substances, glucose, sodium, antibodies, hormones
types of WBC
NEVER LET MONKEYS EAT BANANAS
neutrophils, lymphitocytes, monocytes, eosoniphils, basophils
most numerous, increase with acute infection, immature cells are called bands.
smallest WBC, involved with immune system, increase with viral infection, making antibodies
increase with allergic conditions(allergies)and parasitic infection
least numerous of WBC
formed in bone marrow of flat bones and ends of long bones. (ribs, sternum, skull, pelvic bones, end of arms and leg bones)
no nucleus in mature cell
does RBC have a nucleus
for greater surface area to pick up oxygen
why is RBC shaped like a disc with middle concaved (bi concave)
oxygen combined with hemoglobin
120 days and no
how long do RBC live and do they replicate
hemoglobin (heme protein makes it red)
where does blood get it's red color
too many WBC
what measures the % of packed blood cells
the blood smear that looks at all the WBC
another name for thrombocytes
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