21 terms

APUSH Chapter 4 Key Terms

Enduring Vision 6e Ch. 4
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Dominion of New England
James II's attempt to tighten royal control of colonies by creating a new political entry
"Glorious Revolution"
Overthrow of James II in favor of William and Mary
Bill of Rights
Drastically limited kingly power; vindicated limited representative government
King William's War
European war that spilled over into North America (1689-1697)
Queen Anne's War
European war that spilled over into North America
mercantilism
Political/economic theory that was self-sufficiency was the way to national prosperity; tied colonial economies to the mother country
Navigation Acts
Series of laws meant to make colonies conform to the ideas of mercantilism
Middle Passage
Brutal and often fatal slave journey from Africa to the Americas
deforestation
Removal of trees that had devastating ecological impact
Stono Rebellion
Failed South Carolina slave uprising
Covenant Chain
Treaties by which Iroquois agreed to relocate displaced tribes to the periphery of Iroquois lands
James Oglethorpe
Founder of Georgia colony
John Peter Zenger
Central figure in a trial that opened the way for freedom of the press
Enlightenment
Intellectual revolution that elevated reason, science, and logic
Sir Isaac Newton
British scientist whose ideas lay at the heart of the Enlightenment
Benjamin Franklin
American who embodied Enlightenment ideas
John Locke
British philosopher who explained how reason functions
Deists
Rationalists who insisted that the universe operates by natural law
"Great Awakening"
Protestant revival movement that emphasized each person's urgent need for salvation by God
Jonathan Edwards
Revivalist preacher whose sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" summarized Great Awakening beliefs
George Whitefield
English preacher who toured the colonies and played a major role in the Great Awakening